A Pattern Approach to Focal White Matter Hyperintensities on Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Sangam Kanekar, Puneet Devgun

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Evaluation of focal white matter hyperintensities on magnetic resonance imaging in any age group is always challenging because the cause of these hyperintensities varies extensively. Understanding the clinical presentation, pathophysiology, and associated imaging findings can allow the radiologist to limit the differential diagnosis. A specific imaging approach including age, pattern of distribution, signal characteristics on various sequences, enhancement pattern, and other ancillary findings helps to identify a correct cause for these hyperintensities. This article provides a pattern approach to differentiate various common and a few uncommon diseases presenting as focal white matter hyperintensities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-261
Number of pages21
JournalRadiologic Clinics of North America
Volume52
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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