Structural alloys applied at high temperatures rely on an external dense layer of oxide scale for protection. As some reactive alloy components are selectively oxidized internally, understanding how these dispersed metal oxide particles reach the surface to form a protective scale—the so-called internal to external oxidation transition—is crucial for designing these alloys. While the literature is replete with experimental studies on oxidation of alloys, there is a lack of computational studies in this realm due to the complex nature of coupled reaction and diffusion processes in multicomponent multi-phase alloy systems. In this work, we apply a recently developed phase-field model to simulate the oxidation processes under different compositions and nucleation scenarios to gain insights into how a continuous oxide scale can be established. The results show that while alloy composition is critical for internal to external oxidation transition, the oxide nuclei size, shape and distribution also have significant impact on the transition kinetics.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Accepted/In press - 2022|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)