A Physically Reconfigurable Structurally Embedded Vascular Antenna

Gregory H. Huff, Hong Pan, Darren J. Hartl, Geoffrey J. Frank, Robyn L. Bradford, Jeffrey W. Baur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


This paper discusses the fabrication, operation, and physical reconfiguration of a structurally embedded vascular antenna. The antenna is a thin-wire dipole that meanders with rotational symmetry according to a sinusoid with power-series growth. It is formed from two curvilinear vascular networks embedded into a structural composite panel and connected to a conductive vertical interconnect structure and SubMiniature Version A-connected parallel-strip transmission line for excitation and measurement. The pressure-driven flow of a liquid metal alloy within the vascular network enables the physical reconfiguration of the meandering dipole with the primary goal of dynamically tuning the matched impedance bandwidth of the fundamental dipole mode by symmetrically lengthening the conductive pathways forming the dipole. Details regarding the design, fabrication, simulation, and measurement of the meandering dipole antenna are provided along with a linearly expanding dipole for comparison.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7873229
Pages (from-to)2282-2288
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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