BACKGROUND: A watertight dural repair is critical to minimizing the risk of postoperative complications secondary to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a novel hydrogel, AdherusDural Sealant, when compared with control, DuraSeal Dural Sealant System, as an adjunct to standard methods of dural repair. METHODS: In this 17-center, prospective, randomized clinical trial designed as a noninferiority, single-blinded study, 124 patients received Adherus Dural Sealant (test sealant) and 126 received DuraSeal (control). The primary composite endpoint was the proportion of patients who were free of any intraoperative CSF leakage during Valsalva maneuver after dural repair, CSF leak/pseudomeningocele, and unplanned retreatment of the surgical site. Each component was then analyzed individually as a secondary endpoint. Patients were followed for 4 mo after surgery. RESULTS: The primary composite endpoint at the 120-d follow-up was achieved in 91.2% of the test sealant group compared with 90.6% of the control, thus showing that the test sealant was statistically significantly noninferior to DuraSeal (P = .0049). Post hoc analysis of the primary composite endpoint at 14 d demonstrated superiority of the test sealant over the control (P=.030). Primary endpoint failures in the control group tended to occur early in follow-up period, while a majority of test dural sealant failures were identified through protocol-required radiographic imaging at the 120-d follow-up visit. CONCLUSION: The test sealant, Adherus Dural Sealant, is a practical, safe, and effective adjunct to achieving awatertight dural closure after primary dural closure in cranial procedures.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology