Context. The multi-wavelength study of old (> 100 Myr) radio pulsars holds the key to understanding the long-term evolution of neutron stars, including the advanced stages of neutron star cooling and the evolution of the magnetosphere. Optical/UV observations are particularly useful for such studies because they allow one to explore both thermal and non-thermal emission processes. In particular, studying the optical/UV emission constrains the temperature of the bulk of the neutron star surface, too cold to be measured in X-ray observations.Aims. Aim of this work is to identify the optical counterpart of the very old (166 Myr) radio pulsar J0108-1431.Methods. We have re-analyzed our original Very Large Telescope (VLT) observations, where a very faint object was tentatively detected close to the radio position, near the edge of a field galaxy.Results. We found that the backward extrapolation of the PSR J0108-1431 proper motion recently measured by Chandra fits the position of this object. Based on that, we propose it as a viable candidate for the optical counterpart to PSR J0108-1431. The object fluxes (; ; ) are consistent with a thermal spectrum with a brightness temperature of K (for km at a distance of 130 pc), emitted from the bulk of the neutron star surface.Conclusions. New optical observations are required to confirm the optical identification of PSR J0108-1431 and measure its spectrum.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science