A possible optical counterpart to the old nearby pulsar J0108-1431

R. P. Mignani, G. Pavlov, O. Kargaltsev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context. The multi-wavelength study of old (> 100 Myr) radio pulsars holds the key to understanding the long-term evolution of neutron stars, including the advanced stages of neutron star cooling and the evolution of the magnetosphere. Optical/UV observations are particularly useful for such studies because they allow one to explore both thermal and non-thermal emission processes. In particular, studying the optical/UV emission constrains the temperature of the bulk of the neutron star surface, too cold to be measured in X-ray observations.Aims. Aim of this work is to identify the optical counterpart of the very old (166 Myr) radio pulsar J0108-1431.Methods. We have re-analyzed our original Very Large Telescope (VLT) observations, where a very faint object was tentatively detected close to the radio position, near the edge of a field galaxy.Results. We found that the backward extrapolation of the PSR J0108-1431 proper motion recently measured by Chandra fits the position of this object. Based on that, we propose it as a viable candidate for the optical counterpart to PSR J0108-1431. The object fluxes (; ; ) are consistent with a thermal spectrum with a brightness temperature of K (for km at a distance of 130 pc), emitted from the bulk of the neutron star surface.Conclusions. New optical observations are required to confirm the optical identification of PSR J0108-1431 and measure its spectrum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1027-1030
Number of pages4
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume488
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008

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pulsars
neutron stars
radio
cold surfaces
faint objects
brightness temperature
nonthermal radiation
magnetosphere
proper motion
thermal emission
magnetospheres
cooling
wavelength
extrapolation
telescopes
galaxies
temperature
wavelengths
x rays
cold

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Mignani, R. P. ; Pavlov, G. ; Kargaltsev, O. / A possible optical counterpart to the old nearby pulsar J0108-1431. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2008 ; Vol. 488, No. 3. pp. 1027-1030.
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abstract = "Context. The multi-wavelength study of old (> 100 Myr) radio pulsars holds the key to understanding the long-term evolution of neutron stars, including the advanced stages of neutron star cooling and the evolution of the magnetosphere. Optical/UV observations are particularly useful for such studies because they allow one to explore both thermal and non-thermal emission processes. In particular, studying the optical/UV emission constrains the temperature of the bulk of the neutron star surface, too cold to be measured in X-ray observations.Aims. Aim of this work is to identify the optical counterpart of the very old (166 Myr) radio pulsar J0108-1431.Methods. We have re-analyzed our original Very Large Telescope (VLT) observations, where a very faint object was tentatively detected close to the radio position, near the edge of a field galaxy.Results. We found that the backward extrapolation of the PSR J0108-1431 proper motion recently measured by Chandra fits the position of this object. Based on that, we propose it as a viable candidate for the optical counterpart to PSR J0108-1431. The object fluxes (; ; ) are consistent with a thermal spectrum with a brightness temperature of K (for km at a distance of 130 pc), emitted from the bulk of the neutron star surface.Conclusions. New optical observations are required to confirm the optical identification of PSR J0108-1431 and measure its spectrum.",
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A possible optical counterpart to the old nearby pulsar J0108-1431. / Mignani, R. P.; Pavlov, G.; Kargaltsev, O.

In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 488, No. 3, 01.09.2008, p. 1027-1030.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kargaltsev, O.

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N2 - Context. The multi-wavelength study of old (> 100 Myr) radio pulsars holds the key to understanding the long-term evolution of neutron stars, including the advanced stages of neutron star cooling and the evolution of the magnetosphere. Optical/UV observations are particularly useful for such studies because they allow one to explore both thermal and non-thermal emission processes. In particular, studying the optical/UV emission constrains the temperature of the bulk of the neutron star surface, too cold to be measured in X-ray observations.Aims. Aim of this work is to identify the optical counterpart of the very old (166 Myr) radio pulsar J0108-1431.Methods. We have re-analyzed our original Very Large Telescope (VLT) observations, where a very faint object was tentatively detected close to the radio position, near the edge of a field galaxy.Results. We found that the backward extrapolation of the PSR J0108-1431 proper motion recently measured by Chandra fits the position of this object. Based on that, we propose it as a viable candidate for the optical counterpart to PSR J0108-1431. The object fluxes (; ; ) are consistent with a thermal spectrum with a brightness temperature of K (for km at a distance of 130 pc), emitted from the bulk of the neutron star surface.Conclusions. New optical observations are required to confirm the optical identification of PSR J0108-1431 and measure its spectrum.

AB - Context. The multi-wavelength study of old (> 100 Myr) radio pulsars holds the key to understanding the long-term evolution of neutron stars, including the advanced stages of neutron star cooling and the evolution of the magnetosphere. Optical/UV observations are particularly useful for such studies because they allow one to explore both thermal and non-thermal emission processes. In particular, studying the optical/UV emission constrains the temperature of the bulk of the neutron star surface, too cold to be measured in X-ray observations.Aims. Aim of this work is to identify the optical counterpart of the very old (166 Myr) radio pulsar J0108-1431.Methods. We have re-analyzed our original Very Large Telescope (VLT) observations, where a very faint object was tentatively detected close to the radio position, near the edge of a field galaxy.Results. We found that the backward extrapolation of the PSR J0108-1431 proper motion recently measured by Chandra fits the position of this object. Based on that, we propose it as a viable candidate for the optical counterpart to PSR J0108-1431. The object fluxes (; ; ) are consistent with a thermal spectrum with a brightness temperature of K (for km at a distance of 130 pc), emitted from the bulk of the neutron star surface.Conclusions. New optical observations are required to confirm the optical identification of PSR J0108-1431 and measure its spectrum.

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