We aimed to build a predictive model with intrinsic factors measured upon admission to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) post-acute care (PAC) to identify older adults transferred from SNFs to long-term care (LTC) instead of home. We analyzed data from Massachusetts in 23,662 persons admitted to SNFs from PAC in 2013. Explanatory logistic regression analysis identified single “intrinsic predictors” related to LTC placement. To assess overfitting, the logistic regression predictive model was cross-validated and evaluated by its receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. A 12-variable predictive model with “intrinsic predictors” demonstrated both high in-sample and out-of-sample predictive accuracy in the receiver operating characteristic ROC and area under the ROC among patients at risk of LTC placement. This predictive model may be used for early identification of patients at risk for LTC after hospitalization in order to support targeted rehabilitative approaches and resource planning.
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