A preliminary model of participation for small groups

Jonathan H. Morgan, Geoffrey P. Morgan, Frank E. Ritter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


We present a small-group model that moderates agent behavior using several factors to illustrate the influence of social reflexivity on individual behavior. To motivate this work, we review a validated simulation of the Battle of Medenine. Individuals in the battle performed with greater variance than the simulation predicted, suggesting that individual differences are important. Using a light-weight simulation, we implement one means of representing these differences inspired in part by Grossman's (On Killing: The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War and Society. Little, Brown and Company, New York, 1995) participation formula. This work contributes to a general theory of social reflexivity by offering a theory of participation as a social phenomenon, independent of explicit agent knowledge. We demonstrate that our preliminary version of the participation model generates individual differences that in turn have a meaningful impact on group performance. Specifically, our results suggest that a group member's location with respect to other group members and observers can be an important exogenous source of individual differences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)246-270
Number of pages25
JournalComputational and Mathematical Organization Theory
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Decision Sciences(all)
  • Computer Science(all)
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics

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