A preliminary model of participation for small groups

Jonathan H. Morgan, Geoffrey P. Morgan, Frank E. Ritter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a small-group model that moderates agent behavior using several factors to illustrate the influence of social reflexivity on individual behavior. To motivate this work, we review a validated simulation of the Battle of Medenine. Individuals in the battle performed with greater variance than the simulation predicted, suggesting that individual differences are important. Using a light-weight simulation, we implement one means of representing these differences inspired in part by Grossman's (On Killing: The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War and Society. Little, Brown and Company, New York, 1995) participation formula. This work contributes to a general theory of social reflexivity by offering a theory of participation as a social phenomenon, independent of explicit agent knowledge. We demonstrate that our preliminary version of the participation model generates individual differences that in turn have a meaningful impact on group performance. Specifically, our results suggest that a group member's location with respect to other group members and observers can be an important exogenous source of individual differences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)246-270
Number of pages25
JournalComputational and Mathematical Organization Theory
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 7 2010

Fingerprint

Individual Differences
Reflexivity
Simulation
Model
Costs
Observer
Industry
Participation
Individual differences
Demonstrate
Individual behaviour
Group performance
Psychological
Factors
General theory

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Decision Sciences(all)
  • Computer Science(all)
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics

Cite this

Morgan, Jonathan H. ; Morgan, Geoffrey P. ; Ritter, Frank E. / A preliminary model of participation for small groups. In: Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory. 2010 ; Vol. 16, No. 3. pp. 246-270.
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A preliminary model of participation for small groups. / Morgan, Jonathan H.; Morgan, Geoffrey P.; Ritter, Frank E.

In: Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory, Vol. 16, No. 3, 07.09.2010, p. 246-270.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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