Background: Inflammation may contribute to poor outcomes after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Here, we compared outcomes among propensity score-matched cohorts who did and did not receive non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use after aSAH. Methods: Propensity score-matched analysis of 413 subjects enrolled in the Clazosentan to Overcome Neurological iSChemia and Infarction OccUring after Subarachnoid hemorrhage (CONSCIOUS-1) study. Propensity score matching was performed on the basis of age, sex, baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, World Federation of Neurological Societies grade on admission, procedure used for securing aneurysm, and SAH clot burden. Results: 178 patients were matched (89 received NSAIDs, 89 did not). Propensity score matching was considered acceptable. Patients who had received NSAIDs during their hospital stay had significantly lower mortality rate, and reduced duration of intensive care unit stay and total length of hospital stay (P = 0.035, P = 0.009, and P = 0.053, respectively). At 6 weeks, 80.9 % of patients treated with NSAIDs had good functional outcome compared to 68.5 % of matched controls (P = 0.083). There was no significant difference in the proportions of patients who developed delayed ischemic neurological deficits, angiographic vasospasm, or required rescue therapy. Conclusions: Inflammation may play a crucial role in the poor outcomes after SAH, and that NSAIDs may be a useful therapeutic option, once validated by larger prospective studies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine