The structural aspects of clustering of Yb3+ ions and the paramagnetic behavior of these clusters have been investigated in GeO 2 glasses doped with 140-1100 ppm by weight of Yb2O 3 using time-domain electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopic techniques. The echo-detected EPR (EDEPR) spectra of Yb 3+ ions and their unusual dependencies on microwave power and magnetic field have been found to be indicative of the formation of clusters of these rare earth ions in GeO2 glass that behave as non-Kramers type spin systems. The magnetic field and concentration dependence of phase relaxation rates of Yb3+ in these glasses further substantiate such a scenario and indicate the formation of clusters of Yb3+ ions. A comparison of the EDEPR spectra with calculated cw-EPR line shapes yields a semi-quantitative measure of the typical cluster size of ≥3 Yb atoms and intra-cluster Yb-Yb distances of 3.5-4.0 Å in these glasses at doping levels of ≥350 ppm of Yb2O3.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry