A quantitative analysis of the performance of an all-fiber electronically tunable wavelength filter using a four-layer model

J. E. Lee, Q. Chen, Shizhuo Yin, M. R. Lin, Qiming Zhang, Karl Martin Reichard, D. H. Ditto, J. Mazurowski, M. Hackert

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In this work, an investigation of the tuning characteristics of electrically tunable long-period gratings (LPGs) is presented. A precise four-layer model is used to quantitatively analyze the tuning potential of the gratings and experimental data is provided to support the analysis. The four-layer model includes a silica core layer with an inscribed LPG, a thin silica cladding layer (∼40 μm), an ultra-thin (∼ 50 nm) high refractive index indium-tin dioxide (ITO) inner electrode layer, and a tunable electro-optic polymer layer. It has been found that the inner electrode layer, made of high refractive index ITO, can be modeled as a high index overlay and causes the forward propagating modes in the thin silica cladding to reorganize as the ambient refractive index changes. This reorganization effect can lead to a significant increase (10 plus fold) in the tuning range of LPG tunable filters. Moreover, the required specifications of the tunable polymer layer are quantitatively analyzed. Finally, the required characteristics of the electro-optic polymer are realized by using a nano-composite of zinc sulfide and ferroelectric relaxor poly(vinylidene fluoride - trifluoroethylene -chlorofluoroethylene) terpolymer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPhotorefractive Fiber and Crystal Devices
Subtitle of host publicationMaterials, Optical Properties, and Applications XII
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 13 2006
EventPhotorefractive Fiber and Crystal Devices: Materials, Optical Properties, and Applications XII - SAn Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 16 2006Aug 17 2006

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume6314
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Other

OtherPhotorefractive Fiber and Crystal Devices: Materials, Optical Properties, and Applications XII
CountryUnited States
CitySAn Diego, CA
Period8/16/068/17/06

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Lee, J. E., Chen, Q., Yin, S., Lin, M. R., Zhang, Q., Reichard, K. M., Ditto, D. H., Mazurowski, J., & Hackert, M. (2006). A quantitative analysis of the performance of an all-fiber electronically tunable wavelength filter using a four-layer model. In Photorefractive Fiber and Crystal Devices: Materials, Optical Properties, and Applications XII [63141G] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 6314). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.680087