A randomized controlled pilot study feasibility of a tablet-based guided audio-visual relaxation intervention for reducing stress and pain in adults with sickle cell disease

Miriam O. Ezenwa, Yingwei Yao, Christopher G. Engeland, Robert E. Molokie, Zaijie Jim Wang, Marie L. Suarez, Diana J. Wilkie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim: To test feasibility of a guided audio-visual relaxation intervention protocol for reducing stress and pain in adults with sickle cell disease. Background: Sickle cell pain is inadequately controlled using opioids, necessitating further intervention such as guided relaxation to reduce stress and pain. Design: Attention-control, randomized clinical feasibility pilot study with repeated measures. Methods: Randomized to guided relaxation or control groups, all patients recruited between 2013-2014 during clinical visits, completed stress and pain measures via a Galaxy Internet-enabled Android tablet at the Baseline visit (pre/post intervention), 2-week posttest visit and also daily at home between the two visits. Experimental group patients were asked to use a guided relaxation intervention at the Baseline visit and at least once daily for 2 weeks. Control group patients engaged in a recorded sickle cell discussion at the Baseline visit. Data were analysed using linear regression with bootstrapping. Results: At baseline, 27/28 of consented patients completed the study protocol. Group comparison showed that guided relaxation significantly reduced current stress and pain. At the 2-week posttest, 24/27 of patients completed the study, all of whom reported liking the study. Patients completed tablet-based measures on 71% of study days (69% in control group, 72% in experiment group). At the 2-week posttest, the experimental group had significantly lower composite pain index scores, but the two groups did not differ significantly on stress intensity. Conclusion: This study protocol appears feasible. The tablet-based guided relaxation intervention shows promise for reducing sickle cell pain and warrants a larger efficacy trial. Trial registration: The ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier is: NCT02501447.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1452-1463
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Volume72
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)

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