A reduced-carbohydrate diet improves outcomes in patients with metabolic syndrome: A translational study

Carla K. Miller, Jan S. Ulbrecht, Joanna Lyons, Lynn Parker-Klees, Melissa Davis Gutschall, Helen Smiciklas-Wright, Diane C. Mitchell, Mihai Covasa, Matthew Hayes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Carbohydrate-restricted diets have been promoted for the management of central obesity, a feature of metabolic syndrome. This study evaluated the impact of a reduced-carbohydrate diet provided in a typical outpatient setting on outcomes associated with metabolic syndrome. Adults older than 21 years who met the criteria for metabolic syndrome were recruited (n ≤ 21) and received 2 nutritional counseling sessions. Changes in body weight, blood pressure, and anthropometric, glucose, and lipid outcomes were assessed. Participants lost a mean (±SD) of 5.0 (±3.4) kg (P < .05). There was a significant reduction in waist circumference, body mass index, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure (all P < .01). No significant improvement in glucose or lipoprotein level was observed. Only 50% of participants met the criteria for metabolic syndrome at the end of the study. A reduced-carbohydrate diet can be effective in promoting weight loss and is accompanied by improvements in body composition and blood pressure over 3 months.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-91
Number of pages10
JournalTopics in Clinical Nutrition
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

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Carbohydrates
Diet
Blood Pressure
Carbohydrate-Restricted Diet
Glucose
Body Weight Changes
Abdominal Obesity
Waist Circumference
Body Composition
Lipoproteins
Counseling
Weight Loss
Body Mass Index
Outpatients
Lipids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Miller, C. K., Ulbrecht, J. S., Lyons, J., Parker-Klees, L., Gutschall, M. D., Smiciklas-Wright, H., ... Hayes, M. (2007). A reduced-carbohydrate diet improves outcomes in patients with metabolic syndrome: A translational study. Topics in Clinical Nutrition, 22(1), 82-91. https://doi.org/10.1097/00008486-200701000-00009
Miller, Carla K. ; Ulbrecht, Jan S. ; Lyons, Joanna ; Parker-Klees, Lynn ; Gutschall, Melissa Davis ; Smiciklas-Wright, Helen ; Mitchell, Diane C. ; Covasa, Mihai ; Hayes, Matthew. / A reduced-carbohydrate diet improves outcomes in patients with metabolic syndrome : A translational study. In: Topics in Clinical Nutrition. 2007 ; Vol. 22, No. 1. pp. 82-91.
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Miller, CK, Ulbrecht, JS, Lyons, J, Parker-Klees, L, Gutschall, MD, Smiciklas-Wright, H, Mitchell, DC, Covasa, M & Hayes, M 2007, 'A reduced-carbohydrate diet improves outcomes in patients with metabolic syndrome: A translational study', Topics in Clinical Nutrition, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 82-91. https://doi.org/10.1097/00008486-200701000-00009

A reduced-carbohydrate diet improves outcomes in patients with metabolic syndrome : A translational study. / Miller, Carla K.; Ulbrecht, Jan S.; Lyons, Joanna; Parker-Klees, Lynn; Gutschall, Melissa Davis; Smiciklas-Wright, Helen; Mitchell, Diane C.; Covasa, Mihai; Hayes, Matthew.

In: Topics in Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 22, No. 1, 01.01.2007, p. 82-91.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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