Background: Retinol isotope dilution (RID) is used to determine vitamin A total body stores (TBS) after an oral dose of a vitamin A stable isotope. The generally accepted prediction equation proposed by Olson's group in 1989 (Furr et al. Am J Clin Nutr 1989;49:713-6) includes factors related to dose absorption and retention, isotope equilibration in plasma compared with stores, catabolism during the mixing period, and the optimal time for measuring plasma isotope enrichment. Objectives: The objectives were 1) to develop a modified RID equation and identify an earlier sampling time for predicting TBS and 2) to improve prediction in individuals as well as groups. Methods: To develop amodifiedRIDequation, weused results ofmodel-based compartmental analysis [the Simulation, Analysis and Modeling software (WinSAAMversion 3.0.8; http://www. WinSAAM.org)] of plasma [13C10]retinol kinetic data from32 previously studied, healthy young adults of European ancestry who hadmoderate vitamin A intakes and who ingested 2.95mmol [13C10]retinyl acetate. Results: We examined the time dependence of factors in the prediction equation related to absorption/retention (Fa) and isotope equilibration (S) and determined that 4 or 5 d postdosing was the optimal sampling time. TBS calculated by the equation TBS = Fa x S x (1/SAp), where SAp is plasma retinol specific activity (fraction of dose/μmol), were highly correlated with model-predicted TBS (r = 0.95 and 0.96 for 4 and 5 d, respectively; P < 0.001); predictions for individuals were also highly correlated (Rs = 0.94 and 0.94; P < 0.001). Conclusion: The equation TBS ≈ 0.5 3 (1/SAp) accurately predicted vitamin A TBS in this group of 32 healthy young adults and its individualmembers with the use of data from 1 blood sample taken 4 d after isotope administration.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Nutrition and Dietetics