Deep 6 cm VLA observations of the central regions of the ρ Ophiuchi star-forming cloud reveal a concentration of faint stellar radio sources. A sensitivity better than 0.09 mJy is achieved, corresponding to 2.3 × 1015 ergs s-1 Hz-1, a factor of 10-20 more sensitive than previous observations of the cloud (Stine et al.). In the northern molecular core, ρ Oph A, 22 sources are seen in a 13′ × 13′ map centered on the embedded B star S1. Below 0.4 mJy, the source density is several times that expected from extragalactic sources. At least seven radio sources are associated with young stars: six are coincident with infrared sources, and one with a strong millimeter source at the base of a bipolar flow (André et al.). In the southern molecular core, ρ Oph E/F, 13 faint radio sources are detected; at least six are coincident with infrared stars. The low-mass stellar radio sources range in radio intensity from 0.2 to 3 mJy. These studies show that continuum radio emission far above levels present in main sequence stars is observed in one-third to one-half of low-mass pre-main-sequence stars. However, it is not clear whether the radio emission is generally thermal or nonthermal in origin.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science