We show that the mean wall-shear stresses in wall-modeled large-eddy simulations (WMLES) of high-speed flows can be off by up to ≈ 100 % with respect to a DNS benchmark when using the van-Driest-based damping function, i.e., the conventional damping function. Errors in the WMLES-predicted wall-shear stresses are often attributed to the so-called log-layer mismatch, which, albeit also an error in wall-shear stresses τw, is an error of about 15 %. The larger error identified here cannot be removed using the previously developed remedies for the log-layer mismatch. This error may be removed by using the semi-local scaling, i.e., lν=μ/ρτw, in the damping function, where μ and ρ are the local mean dynamic viscosity and density, respectively.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computational Mechanics
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes