A spectropolarimetric test of the structure of the intrinsic absorbers in the quasar HS 1603+3820

Toru Misawa, Koji S. Kawabata, Michael Eracleous, Jane C. Charlton, Nobunari Kashikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We report the results of a spectropolarimetric observation of the C vi "mini-broad" absorption line (mini-BAL) in the quasar HS 1603+3820 (zem = 2.542). The observations were carried out with the FOCAS instrument on the Subaru Telescope and yielded an extremely high polarization sensitivity of δp ∼ 0.1%, at a resolving power of R ∼ 1500. HS 1603+3820 has been the target of a high-resolution spectroscopic monitoring campaign for more than four years, aimed at studying its highly variable Cvi mini-BAL profile. Using the monitoring observations in an earlier paper, we were able to narrow down the causes of the variability to the following two scenarios: (1) scattering material of variable optical depth redirecting photons around the absorber and (2) a variable, highly ionized screen between the continuum source and the absorber which modulates the UV continuum incident on the absorber. The observations presented here provide a crucial test of the scattering scenario and lead us to disfavor it because (1) the polarization level is very small (p ∼ 0.6%) throughout the spectrum and (2) the polarization level does not increase across the mini-BAL trough. Thus, the variable screen scenario emerges as our favored explanation of the C vi mini-BAL variability. Our conclusion is bolstered by recent X-ray observations of nearby mini-BAL quasars, which show a rapidly variable soft X-ray continuum that appears to be the result of transmission through an ionized absorber of variable ionization parameter and optical depth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1890-1895
Number of pages6
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume719
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 20 2010

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quasars
absorbers
polarization
optical depth
continuums
optical thickness
scattering
monitoring
troughs
trough
ionization
test
x rays
telescopes
causes
high resolution
photons
profiles

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

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title = "A spectropolarimetric test of the structure of the intrinsic absorbers in the quasar HS 1603+3820",
abstract = "We report the results of a spectropolarimetric observation of the C vi {"}mini-broad{"} absorption line (mini-BAL) in the quasar HS 1603+3820 (zem = 2.542). The observations were carried out with the FOCAS instrument on the Subaru Telescope and yielded an extremely high polarization sensitivity of δp ∼ 0.1{\%}, at a resolving power of R ∼ 1500. HS 1603+3820 has been the target of a high-resolution spectroscopic monitoring campaign for more than four years, aimed at studying its highly variable Cvi mini-BAL profile. Using the monitoring observations in an earlier paper, we were able to narrow down the causes of the variability to the following two scenarios: (1) scattering material of variable optical depth redirecting photons around the absorber and (2) a variable, highly ionized screen between the continuum source and the absorber which modulates the UV continuum incident on the absorber. The observations presented here provide a crucial test of the scattering scenario and lead us to disfavor it because (1) the polarization level is very small (p ∼ 0.6{\%}) throughout the spectrum and (2) the polarization level does not increase across the mini-BAL trough. Thus, the variable screen scenario emerges as our favored explanation of the C vi mini-BAL variability. Our conclusion is bolstered by recent X-ray observations of nearby mini-BAL quasars, which show a rapidly variable soft X-ray continuum that appears to be the result of transmission through an ionized absorber of variable ionization parameter and optical depth.",
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A spectropolarimetric test of the structure of the intrinsic absorbers in the quasar HS 1603+3820. / Misawa, Toru; Kawabata, Koji S.; Eracleous, Michael; Charlton, Jane C.; Kashikawa, Nobunari.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 719, No. 2, 20.08.2010, p. 1890-1895.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - A spectropolarimetric test of the structure of the intrinsic absorbers in the quasar HS 1603+3820

AU - Misawa, Toru

AU - Kawabata, Koji S.

AU - Eracleous, Michael

AU - Charlton, Jane C.

AU - Kashikawa, Nobunari

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N2 - We report the results of a spectropolarimetric observation of the C vi "mini-broad" absorption line (mini-BAL) in the quasar HS 1603+3820 (zem = 2.542). The observations were carried out with the FOCAS instrument on the Subaru Telescope and yielded an extremely high polarization sensitivity of δp ∼ 0.1%, at a resolving power of R ∼ 1500. HS 1603+3820 has been the target of a high-resolution spectroscopic monitoring campaign for more than four years, aimed at studying its highly variable Cvi mini-BAL profile. Using the monitoring observations in an earlier paper, we were able to narrow down the causes of the variability to the following two scenarios: (1) scattering material of variable optical depth redirecting photons around the absorber and (2) a variable, highly ionized screen between the continuum source and the absorber which modulates the UV continuum incident on the absorber. The observations presented here provide a crucial test of the scattering scenario and lead us to disfavor it because (1) the polarization level is very small (p ∼ 0.6%) throughout the spectrum and (2) the polarization level does not increase across the mini-BAL trough. Thus, the variable screen scenario emerges as our favored explanation of the C vi mini-BAL variability. Our conclusion is bolstered by recent X-ray observations of nearby mini-BAL quasars, which show a rapidly variable soft X-ray continuum that appears to be the result of transmission through an ionized absorber of variable ionization parameter and optical depth.

AB - We report the results of a spectropolarimetric observation of the C vi "mini-broad" absorption line (mini-BAL) in the quasar HS 1603+3820 (zem = 2.542). The observations were carried out with the FOCAS instrument on the Subaru Telescope and yielded an extremely high polarization sensitivity of δp ∼ 0.1%, at a resolving power of R ∼ 1500. HS 1603+3820 has been the target of a high-resolution spectroscopic monitoring campaign for more than four years, aimed at studying its highly variable Cvi mini-BAL profile. Using the monitoring observations in an earlier paper, we were able to narrow down the causes of the variability to the following two scenarios: (1) scattering material of variable optical depth redirecting photons around the absorber and (2) a variable, highly ionized screen between the continuum source and the absorber which modulates the UV continuum incident on the absorber. The observations presented here provide a crucial test of the scattering scenario and lead us to disfavor it because (1) the polarization level is very small (p ∼ 0.6%) throughout the spectrum and (2) the polarization level does not increase across the mini-BAL trough. Thus, the variable screen scenario emerges as our favored explanation of the C vi mini-BAL variability. Our conclusion is bolstered by recent X-ray observations of nearby mini-BAL quasars, which show a rapidly variable soft X-ray continuum that appears to be the result of transmission through an ionized absorber of variable ionization parameter and optical depth.

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