A standardized chemically modified Curcuma longa extract modulates IRAK-MAPK signaling in inflammation and potentiates cytotoxicity

Minakshi Rana, Preeti Maurya, Sukka S. Reddy, Vishal Singh, Hafsa Ahmad, Anil K. Dwivedi, Madhu Dikshit, Manoj K. Barthwal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

The TLR/IL-1R pathway is a critical signaling module that is misregulated in pathologies like inflammation and cancer. Extracts from turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) enriched in curcumin and carbonyls like turmerones have been shown to exert potent anti-inflammatory effects. The present study evaluated the anti-inflammatory activity, cytotoxic effect and the underlying mechanism of a novel chemically modified, non-carbonyl compound enriched Curcuma longa L. (C. longa) extract (CMCE). CMCE (1 or 10 μg/mL; 14 h) significantly decreased LPS (50-100 ng/mL) induced TNF-α and IL-1β production in THP-1 cells, human, and mouse whole blood as measured by ELISA. LPS-induced IRAK1, MAPK activation, TLR4 expression, TLR4-MyD88 interaction, and I?Ba degradation were significantly reduced in CMCE pre-treated THP-1 cells as assessed by Western blotting. CMCE (30, 100, and 300 mg/kg; 10 days p.o.) pre-treated and LPS (10 mg/kg) challenged Swiss mice exhibited attenuated plasma TNF-α and IL-1β, nitrite, aortic iNOS expression, and vascular dysfunction. In a PI permeability assay, cell lines derived from acute myeloid leukemia were most sensitive to the cytotoxic effects of CMCE. Analysis of Sub-G1 phase, Annexin V-PI positivity, loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, increased caspase-3, and PARP-1 activation confirmed CMCE induced apoptosis in HL-60 cells. IRAK inhibition also sensitized HL-60 cells to CMCE induced cytotoxicity. The present study defines the mechanism underlying the action of CMCE and suggests a therapeutic potential for its use in sepsis and leukemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number223
JournalFrontiers in Pharmacology
Volume7
Issue numberJUL
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 25 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A standardized chemically modified Curcuma longa extract modulates IRAK-MAPK signaling in inflammation and potentiates cytotoxicity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this