A Strain-Mediated Magnetoelectric-Spin-Torque Hybrid Structure

Tianxiang Nan, Jia Mian Hu, Minyi Dai, Satoru Emori, Xinjun Wang, Zhongqiang Hu, Alexei Matyushov, Long-qing Chen, Nian Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Magnetization dynamics induced by spin–orbit torques in a heavy-metal/ferromagnet can potentially be used to design low-power spintronics and logic devices. Recent computations have suggested that a strain-mediated spin–orbit torque (SOT) switching in magnetoelectric (ME) heterostructures is fast, energy-efficient, and permits a deterministic 180° magnetization switching. However, its experimental realization has remained elusive. Here, the coexistence of the strain-mediated ME coupling and the SOT in a CoFeB/Pt/ferroelectric hybrid structure is shown experimentally. The voltage-induced strain only slightly modifies the efficiency of SOT generation, but it gives rise to an effective magnetic anisotropy and rotates the magnetic easy axis which eliminates the incubation delay in current-induced magnetization switching. The phase field simulations show that the electric-field-induced effective magnetic anisotropy field can reduce the switching time approximately by a factor of three for SOT in-plane magnetization switching. It is anticipated that such strain-mediated ME-SOT hybrid structures may enable field-free, ultrafast magnetization switching.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1806371
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 8 2019

Fingerprint

hybrid structures
torque
Torque
Magnetization
magnetization
Magnetic anisotropy
Magnetoelectronics
Logic devices
anisotropy
Induced currents
heavy metals
Heavy Metals
Heavy metals
Ferroelectric materials
logic
Heterojunctions
Electric fields
electric fields
Electric potential
electric potential

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Nan, T., Hu, J. M., Dai, M., Emori, S., Wang, X., Hu, Z., ... Sun, N. (2019). A Strain-Mediated Magnetoelectric-Spin-Torque Hybrid Structure. Advanced Functional Materials, 29(6), [1806371]. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201806371
Nan, Tianxiang ; Hu, Jia Mian ; Dai, Minyi ; Emori, Satoru ; Wang, Xinjun ; Hu, Zhongqiang ; Matyushov, Alexei ; Chen, Long-qing ; Sun, Nian. / A Strain-Mediated Magnetoelectric-Spin-Torque Hybrid Structure. In: Advanced Functional Materials. 2019 ; Vol. 29, No. 6.
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Nan, T, Hu, JM, Dai, M, Emori, S, Wang, X, Hu, Z, Matyushov, A, Chen, L & Sun, N 2019, 'A Strain-Mediated Magnetoelectric-Spin-Torque Hybrid Structure', Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 29, no. 6, 1806371. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201806371

A Strain-Mediated Magnetoelectric-Spin-Torque Hybrid Structure. / Nan, Tianxiang; Hu, Jia Mian; Dai, Minyi; Emori, Satoru; Wang, Xinjun; Hu, Zhongqiang; Matyushov, Alexei; Chen, Long-qing; Sun, Nian.

In: Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 29, No. 6, 1806371, 08.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Nan, Tianxiang

AU - Hu, Jia Mian

AU - Dai, Minyi

AU - Emori, Satoru

AU - Wang, Xinjun

AU - Hu, Zhongqiang

AU - Matyushov, Alexei

AU - Chen, Long-qing

AU - Sun, Nian

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Y1 - 2019/2/8

N2 - Magnetization dynamics induced by spin–orbit torques in a heavy-metal/ferromagnet can potentially be used to design low-power spintronics and logic devices. Recent computations have suggested that a strain-mediated spin–orbit torque (SOT) switching in magnetoelectric (ME) heterostructures is fast, energy-efficient, and permits a deterministic 180° magnetization switching. However, its experimental realization has remained elusive. Here, the coexistence of the strain-mediated ME coupling and the SOT in a CoFeB/Pt/ferroelectric hybrid structure is shown experimentally. The voltage-induced strain only slightly modifies the efficiency of SOT generation, but it gives rise to an effective magnetic anisotropy and rotates the magnetic easy axis which eliminates the incubation delay in current-induced magnetization switching. The phase field simulations show that the electric-field-induced effective magnetic anisotropy field can reduce the switching time approximately by a factor of three for SOT in-plane magnetization switching. It is anticipated that such strain-mediated ME-SOT hybrid structures may enable field-free, ultrafast magnetization switching.

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