A stress model of psychological contract violation among ethnic minority employees

Dejun Tony Kong, Phillip M. Jolly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: Integrating the transactional theory of stress and coping and research on discrimination perception/attribution, we propose a stress model of psychological contract (PC) violation among ethnic minority employees. We argue that ethnic minority employees tend to appraise PC violation as a threat and attribute it to personal ethnic discrimination (as well as low organizational trustworthiness), which in turn leads ethnic minority employees to engage in fear-driven silence as a form of emotion-based withdrawal coping. Method: We conducted two survey studies (Studies 1 and 2), an experimental study (Study 3), and a supplementary meta-Analysis of the three studies. Results: We found support for our model. Ethnic minority employees' perception of personal ethnic discrimination, rather than their perception of low organizational trustworthiness, translated PC violation to fear-driven silence. Our result patterns remained the same when we controlled for neuroticism and social desirability. Conclusions: By delineating ethnic minorities' appraisal/attribution of and coping with PC violation, the current research advances the literatures on both PC and ethnic discrimination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)424-438
Number of pages15
JournalCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2019

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Psychological Models
Contracts
Psychological Stress
national minority
employee
discrimination
Psychology
coping
trustworthiness
attribution
Fear
anxiety
Social Desirability
social desirability
neuroticism
Research
withdrawal
Meta-Analysis
Emotions
emotion

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

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abstract = "Objectives: Integrating the transactional theory of stress and coping and research on discrimination perception/attribution, we propose a stress model of psychological contract (PC) violation among ethnic minority employees. We argue that ethnic minority employees tend to appraise PC violation as a threat and attribute it to personal ethnic discrimination (as well as low organizational trustworthiness), which in turn leads ethnic minority employees to engage in fear-driven silence as a form of emotion-based withdrawal coping. Method: We conducted two survey studies (Studies 1 and 2), an experimental study (Study 3), and a supplementary meta-Analysis of the three studies. Results: We found support for our model. Ethnic minority employees' perception of personal ethnic discrimination, rather than their perception of low organizational trustworthiness, translated PC violation to fear-driven silence. Our result patterns remained the same when we controlled for neuroticism and social desirability. Conclusions: By delineating ethnic minorities' appraisal/attribution of and coping with PC violation, the current research advances the literatures on both PC and ethnic discrimination.",
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A stress model of psychological contract violation among ethnic minority employees. / Kong, Dejun Tony; Jolly, Phillip M.

In: Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, Vol. 25, No. 3, 07.2019, p. 424-438.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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