A strong arbiter PUF using resistive RAM

Swaroop Ghosh, Rekha Govindaraj

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Physically Unclonable Functions (PUF) are the cost effective and reliable security primitives widely used in authentication and in-place secret key generation applications. With growing research in the area of non-CMOS technologies for memories and circuits, it's important to understand their implications on the design of security primitives. Resistive Random Accessible Memory (RRAM) offers easy integration with CMOS due to minimal changes in the process technology. RRAM also demonstrates resistance variability characteristics due to inherent defects in the conducting filament formed inside the metal oxide layer. RRAM based PUF designs exploit either the probabilistic switching of RRAM or the resistance variability during forming, set and reset processes. Memory PUFs using RRAM are weak PUFs with fewer number of Challenge Response Pairs (CRPs). We propose strong arbiter PUF based on 1T-1R bitcell which is obtained from conventional RRAM memory array with minimally invasive changes. Conventional voltage sense amplifier is employed to generate the response. The PUF is simulated using 65nm predictive technology models for CMOS and verilog-A model for a hafnium oxide based RRAM. The proposed PUF architecture is evaluated for uniqueness, uniformity and reliability and by running NIST benchmarks. The proposed PUF demonstrates mean intra-die Hamming Distance (HD) of mean 0.13% and inter-die HD of mean 51.3%.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationProceedings - 2016 16th International Conference on Embedded Computer Systems
    Subtitle of host publicationArchitectures, Modeling and Simulation, SAMOS 2016
    EditorsWalid Najjar, Andreas Gerstlaur
    PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
    Pages275-280
    Number of pages6
    ISBN (Electronic)9781509030767
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 13 2017
    Event16th International Conference on Embedded Computer Systems: Architectures, Modeling and Simulation, SAMOS 2016 - Samos, Greece
    Duration: Jul 17 2016Jul 21 2016

    Publication series

    NameProceedings - 2016 16th International Conference on Embedded Computer Systems: Architectures, Modeling and Simulation, SAMOS 2016

    Other

    Other16th International Conference on Embedded Computer Systems: Architectures, Modeling and Simulation, SAMOS 2016
    CountryGreece
    CitySamos
    Period7/17/167/21/16

    Fingerprint

    Data storage equipment
    Hamming distance
    Hamming Distance
    Oxides
    Die
    RRAM
    Hafnium oxides
    Computer hardware description languages
    Filament
    Uniformity
    Authentication
    Demonstrate
    Uniqueness
    Defects
    Metals
    Voltage
    Benchmark
    Networks (circuits)
    Costs
    Electric potential

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Computer Science Applications
    • Hardware and Architecture
    • Modeling and Simulation

    Cite this

    Ghosh, S., & Govindaraj, R. (2017). A strong arbiter PUF using resistive RAM. In W. Najjar, & A. Gerstlaur (Eds.), Proceedings - 2016 16th International Conference on Embedded Computer Systems: Architectures, Modeling and Simulation, SAMOS 2016 (pp. 275-280). [7818358] (Proceedings - 2016 16th International Conference on Embedded Computer Systems: Architectures, Modeling and Simulation, SAMOS 2016). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/SAMOS.2016.7818358
    Ghosh, Swaroop ; Govindaraj, Rekha. / A strong arbiter PUF using resistive RAM. Proceedings - 2016 16th International Conference on Embedded Computer Systems: Architectures, Modeling and Simulation, SAMOS 2016. editor / Walid Najjar ; Andreas Gerstlaur. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2017. pp. 275-280 (Proceedings - 2016 16th International Conference on Embedded Computer Systems: Architectures, Modeling and Simulation, SAMOS 2016).
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    abstract = "Physically Unclonable Functions (PUF) are the cost effective and reliable security primitives widely used in authentication and in-place secret key generation applications. With growing research in the area of non-CMOS technologies for memories and circuits, it's important to understand their implications on the design of security primitives. Resistive Random Accessible Memory (RRAM) offers easy integration with CMOS due to minimal changes in the process technology. RRAM also demonstrates resistance variability characteristics due to inherent defects in the conducting filament formed inside the metal oxide layer. RRAM based PUF designs exploit either the probabilistic switching of RRAM or the resistance variability during forming, set and reset processes. Memory PUFs using RRAM are weak PUFs with fewer number of Challenge Response Pairs (CRPs). We propose strong arbiter PUF based on 1T-1R bitcell which is obtained from conventional RRAM memory array with minimally invasive changes. Conventional voltage sense amplifier is employed to generate the response. The PUF is simulated using 65nm predictive technology models for CMOS and verilog-A model for a hafnium oxide based RRAM. The proposed PUF architecture is evaluated for uniqueness, uniformity and reliability and by running NIST benchmarks. The proposed PUF demonstrates mean intra-die Hamming Distance (HD) of mean 0.13{\%} and inter-die HD of mean 51.3{\%}.",
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    Ghosh, S & Govindaraj, R 2017, A strong arbiter PUF using resistive RAM. in W Najjar & A Gerstlaur (eds), Proceedings - 2016 16th International Conference on Embedded Computer Systems: Architectures, Modeling and Simulation, SAMOS 2016., 7818358, Proceedings - 2016 16th International Conference on Embedded Computer Systems: Architectures, Modeling and Simulation, SAMOS 2016, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp. 275-280, 16th International Conference on Embedded Computer Systems: Architectures, Modeling and Simulation, SAMOS 2016, Samos, Greece, 7/17/16. https://doi.org/10.1109/SAMOS.2016.7818358

    A strong arbiter PUF using resistive RAM. / Ghosh, Swaroop; Govindaraj, Rekha.

    Proceedings - 2016 16th International Conference on Embedded Computer Systems: Architectures, Modeling and Simulation, SAMOS 2016. ed. / Walid Najjar; Andreas Gerstlaur. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2017. p. 275-280 7818358 (Proceedings - 2016 16th International Conference on Embedded Computer Systems: Architectures, Modeling and Simulation, SAMOS 2016).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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    N2 - Physically Unclonable Functions (PUF) are the cost effective and reliable security primitives widely used in authentication and in-place secret key generation applications. With growing research in the area of non-CMOS technologies for memories and circuits, it's important to understand their implications on the design of security primitives. Resistive Random Accessible Memory (RRAM) offers easy integration with CMOS due to minimal changes in the process technology. RRAM also demonstrates resistance variability characteristics due to inherent defects in the conducting filament formed inside the metal oxide layer. RRAM based PUF designs exploit either the probabilistic switching of RRAM or the resistance variability during forming, set and reset processes. Memory PUFs using RRAM are weak PUFs with fewer number of Challenge Response Pairs (CRPs). We propose strong arbiter PUF based on 1T-1R bitcell which is obtained from conventional RRAM memory array with minimally invasive changes. Conventional voltage sense amplifier is employed to generate the response. The PUF is simulated using 65nm predictive technology models for CMOS and verilog-A model for a hafnium oxide based RRAM. The proposed PUF architecture is evaluated for uniqueness, uniformity and reliability and by running NIST benchmarks. The proposed PUF demonstrates mean intra-die Hamming Distance (HD) of mean 0.13% and inter-die HD of mean 51.3%.

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    Ghosh S, Govindaraj R. A strong arbiter PUF using resistive RAM. In Najjar W, Gerstlaur A, editors, Proceedings - 2016 16th International Conference on Embedded Computer Systems: Architectures, Modeling and Simulation, SAMOS 2016. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2017. p. 275-280. 7818358. (Proceedings - 2016 16th International Conference on Embedded Computer Systems: Architectures, Modeling and Simulation, SAMOS 2016). https://doi.org/10.1109/SAMOS.2016.7818358