A structural econometric model of family valuation and choice of employer-sponsored health insurance in the United States

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Abstract

This paper estimates a fully structural unitary household model of employment and health insurance decisions for dual wage-earner families with children in the United States, using data from the 1987 National Medical Expenditure Survey. Families choose hours of work and the breakdown of compensation between cash wages and health insurance benefits for each wage earner in order to maximize expected utility under uncertain need for medical care. Heterogeneous demand for the employer-sponsored health insurance is thus generated directly from variations in health status and earning potential. The paper concludes by discussing the benefits of using structural models for simulating welfare effects of insurance reform relative to the costly assumptions that must be imposed for identification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)771-790
Number of pages20
JournalHealth economics
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2003

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health Policy

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