A study of electron-multiplying CCDs for use on the International X-ray Observatory off-plane x-ray grating spectrometer

James Henry Tutt, Andrew D. Holland, Neil J. Murray, David J. Hall, Randall Lee McEntaffer, James Endicott, Mark Robbins

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CCDs are regularly used as imaging and spectroscopic devices on space telescopes at X-ray energies due to their high quantum efficiency and linearity across the energy range. The International X-ray Observatory's X-ray Grating Spectrometer will also look to make use of these devices across the energy band of 0.3 keV to 1 keV. At these energies, when photon counting, the charge generated in the silicon is close to the noise of the system. In order to be able to detect these low energy X-ray events, the system noise of the detector has to be minimised to have a sufficient signal-to-noise-ratio. By using an EM-CCD instead of a conventional CCD, any charge that is collected in the device can be multiplied before it is read out and as long as the EM-CCD is cool enough to adequately suppress the dark current, the signal-to-noise ratio of the device can be significantly increased, allowing soft X-ray events to be more easily detected. This paper will look into the use of EM-CCDs for the detection of low energy X-rays, in particular the effect that using these devices will have on the signal to noise ratio as well as any degradation in resolution and FWHM that may occur due to the additional shot noise on the signal caused by the charge packet amplification process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHigh Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy IV
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 8 2010
EventHigh Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy IV - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Jun 27 2010Jun 30 2010

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume7742
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Other

OtherHigh Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy IV
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period6/27/106/30/10

Fingerprint

Diffraction gratings
Observatories
Observatory
Charge coupled devices
Spectrometer
Gratings
Spectrometers
charge coupled devices
observatories
EMCCD
gratings
spectrometers
Electron
X rays
Electrons
Energy
Signal to noise ratio
signal to noise ratios
electrons
x rays

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Tutt, J. H., Holland, A. D., Murray, N. J., Hall, D. J., McEntaffer, R. L., Endicott, J., & Robbins, M. (2010). A study of electron-multiplying CCDs for use on the International X-ray Observatory off-plane x-ray grating spectrometer. In High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy IV [774205] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 7742). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.861626
Tutt, James Henry ; Holland, Andrew D. ; Murray, Neil J. ; Hall, David J. ; McEntaffer, Randall Lee ; Endicott, James ; Robbins, Mark. / A study of electron-multiplying CCDs for use on the International X-ray Observatory off-plane x-ray grating spectrometer. High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy IV. 2010. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering).
@inproceedings{c1bb3e2083404987ac7092433ceb253e,
title = "A study of electron-multiplying CCDs for use on the International X-ray Observatory off-plane x-ray grating spectrometer",
abstract = "CCDs are regularly used as imaging and spectroscopic devices on space telescopes at X-ray energies due to their high quantum efficiency and linearity across the energy range. The International X-ray Observatory's X-ray Grating Spectrometer will also look to make use of these devices across the energy band of 0.3 keV to 1 keV. At these energies, when photon counting, the charge generated in the silicon is close to the noise of the system. In order to be able to detect these low energy X-ray events, the system noise of the detector has to be minimised to have a sufficient signal-to-noise-ratio. By using an EM-CCD instead of a conventional CCD, any charge that is collected in the device can be multiplied before it is read out and as long as the EM-CCD is cool enough to adequately suppress the dark current, the signal-to-noise ratio of the device can be significantly increased, allowing soft X-ray events to be more easily detected. This paper will look into the use of EM-CCDs for the detection of low energy X-rays, in particular the effect that using these devices will have on the signal to noise ratio as well as any degradation in resolution and FWHM that may occur due to the additional shot noise on the signal caused by the charge packet amplification process.",
author = "Tutt, {James Henry} and Holland, {Andrew D.} and Murray, {Neil J.} and Hall, {David J.} and McEntaffer, {Randall Lee} and James Endicott and Mark Robbins",
year = "2010",
month = "9",
day = "8",
doi = "10.1117/12.861626",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780819482327",
series = "Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering",
booktitle = "High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy IV",

}

Tutt, JH, Holland, AD, Murray, NJ, Hall, DJ, McEntaffer, RL, Endicott, J & Robbins, M 2010, A study of electron-multiplying CCDs for use on the International X-ray Observatory off-plane x-ray grating spectrometer. in High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy IV., 774205, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 7742, High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy IV, San Diego, CA, United States, 6/27/10. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.861626

A study of electron-multiplying CCDs for use on the International X-ray Observatory off-plane x-ray grating spectrometer. / Tutt, James Henry; Holland, Andrew D.; Murray, Neil J.; Hall, David J.; McEntaffer, Randall Lee; Endicott, James; Robbins, Mark.

High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy IV. 2010. 774205 (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 7742).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - A study of electron-multiplying CCDs for use on the International X-ray Observatory off-plane x-ray grating spectrometer

AU - Tutt, James Henry

AU - Holland, Andrew D.

AU - Murray, Neil J.

AU - Hall, David J.

AU - McEntaffer, Randall Lee

AU - Endicott, James

AU - Robbins, Mark

PY - 2010/9/8

Y1 - 2010/9/8

N2 - CCDs are regularly used as imaging and spectroscopic devices on space telescopes at X-ray energies due to their high quantum efficiency and linearity across the energy range. The International X-ray Observatory's X-ray Grating Spectrometer will also look to make use of these devices across the energy band of 0.3 keV to 1 keV. At these energies, when photon counting, the charge generated in the silicon is close to the noise of the system. In order to be able to detect these low energy X-ray events, the system noise of the detector has to be minimised to have a sufficient signal-to-noise-ratio. By using an EM-CCD instead of a conventional CCD, any charge that is collected in the device can be multiplied before it is read out and as long as the EM-CCD is cool enough to adequately suppress the dark current, the signal-to-noise ratio of the device can be significantly increased, allowing soft X-ray events to be more easily detected. This paper will look into the use of EM-CCDs for the detection of low energy X-rays, in particular the effect that using these devices will have on the signal to noise ratio as well as any degradation in resolution and FWHM that may occur due to the additional shot noise on the signal caused by the charge packet amplification process.

AB - CCDs are regularly used as imaging and spectroscopic devices on space telescopes at X-ray energies due to their high quantum efficiency and linearity across the energy range. The International X-ray Observatory's X-ray Grating Spectrometer will also look to make use of these devices across the energy band of 0.3 keV to 1 keV. At these energies, when photon counting, the charge generated in the silicon is close to the noise of the system. In order to be able to detect these low energy X-ray events, the system noise of the detector has to be minimised to have a sufficient signal-to-noise-ratio. By using an EM-CCD instead of a conventional CCD, any charge that is collected in the device can be multiplied before it is read out and as long as the EM-CCD is cool enough to adequately suppress the dark current, the signal-to-noise ratio of the device can be significantly increased, allowing soft X-ray events to be more easily detected. This paper will look into the use of EM-CCDs for the detection of low energy X-rays, in particular the effect that using these devices will have on the signal to noise ratio as well as any degradation in resolution and FWHM that may occur due to the additional shot noise on the signal caused by the charge packet amplification process.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77956252813&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77956252813&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1117/12.861626

DO - 10.1117/12.861626

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 9780819482327

T3 - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

BT - High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy IV

ER -

Tutt JH, Holland AD, Murray NJ, Hall DJ, McEntaffer RL, Endicott J et al. A study of electron-multiplying CCDs for use on the International X-ray Observatory off-plane x-ray grating spectrometer. In High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy IV. 2010. 774205. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.861626