A Study of GaAs1- xSbx Axial Nanowires Grown on Monolayer Graphene by Ga-Assisted Molecular Beam Epitaxy for Flexible Near-Infrared Photodetectors

Surya Nalamati, Manish Sharma, Prithviraj Deshmukh, Jeffrey Kronz, Robert Lavelle, David Snyder, C. Lewis Reynolds, Yang Liu, Shanthi Iyer

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Abstract

We report the successful growth of high-quality GaAs1-xSbx nanowires on monolayer graphene/SiO2/p-Si (111) using molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) for the application of a flexible near-infrared photodetector. A systematic and detailed study of NW growth parameters, namely, growth temperature, V/III beam equivalent pressure (BEP) ratio, and Ga shutter opening duration, has been carried out. Growth of vertical â111»oriented nanowires on graphene with 4 K photoluminescence emission in the range 1.24-1.38 eV has been achieved. The presence of a weak D mode in Raman spectra of NWs grown on graphene suggests that NW growth did not alter the intrinsic properties of the monolayer graphene. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy and a selective area diffraction pattern confirmed the zinc-blende crystal structure of the NWs. This study suggests that Sb as a surfactant plays a critical role in the surface engineering of the substrate, leading to the superior optical quality of NWs exhibiting a higher 4 K photoluminescence intensity and lower full width at half maxima (fwhm) with significant improvement in optical responsivity compared to NWs grown on Si substrate of similar Sb composition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4528-4537
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Nano Materials
Volume2
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 26 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

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