A subpopulation of mouse esophageal basal cells has properties of stem cells with the capacity for self-renewal and lineage specification

Jiri Kalabis, Kenji Oyama, Takaomi Okawa, Hiroshi Nakagawa, Carmen Z. Michaylira, Douglas B. Stairs, Jose Luiz Figueiredo, Umar Mahmood, J. Alan Diehl, Meenhard Herlyn, Anil K. Rustgi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations

Abstract

The esophageal epithelium is a prototypical stratified squamous epithelium that exhibits an exquisite equilibrium between proliferation and differentiation. After basal cells proliferate, they migrate outward toward the luminal surface, undergo differentiation, and eventually slough due to apoptosis. The identification and characterization of stem cells responsible for the maintenance of the esophageal epithelium remains elusive. Here, we employed Hoechst dye extrusion and BrdU label-retaining assays to identify in mice a potential esophageal stem cell population that localizes to the basal cell compartment. The self-renewing capacity of this population was characterized using a clonogenic assay and a 3D organotypic culture model. The putative esophageal stem cells were also capable of epithelial reconstitution in vivo in direct esophageal epithelial injury models. In both the 3D organotypic culture and direct mucosal injury models, the putative stem cells gave rise to undifferentiated and differentiated cells. These studies therefore provide a basis for understanding the regenerative capacity and biology of the esophageal epithelium when it is faced with injurious insults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3860-3869
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume118
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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