A survey of eight hot Jupiters in secondary eclipse using WIRCam at CFHT

Eder Martioli, Knicole D. Colón, Daniel Angerhausen, Keivan G. Stassun, Joseph E. Rodriguez, George Zhou, B. Scott Gaudi, Joshua Pepper, Thomas G. Beatty, Ramarao Tata, David J. James, Jason D. Eastman, Paul Anthony Wilson, Daniel Bayliss, Daniel J. Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We present near-infrared high-precision photometry for eight transiting hot Jupiters observed during their predicted secondary eclipses. Our observations were carried out using the staring mode of theWIRCam instrument on theCanada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT).We present the observing strategies and data reduction methods which delivered time series photometry with statistical photometric precision as lowas 0.11 per cent. We performed aBayesian analysis to model the eclipse parameters and systematics simultaneously. The measured planet-tostar flux ratios allowed us to constrain the thermal emission from the day side of these hot Jupiters, as we derived the planet brightness temperatures. Our results combined with previously observed eclipses reveal an excess in the brightness temperatures relative to the blackbody prediction for the equilibrium temperatures of the planets for a wide range of heat redistribution factors. We find a trend that this excess appears to be larger for planets with lower equilibrium temperatures. This may imply some additional sources of radiation, such as reflected light from the host star and/or thermal emission from residual internal heat from the formation of the planet.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4264-4277
Number of pages14
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume474
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

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eclipses
Jupiter (planet)
Jupiter
planets
planet
brightness temperature
thermal emission
photometry
heat
data reduction
France
near infrared
temperature
telescopes
time series
trends
stars
radiation
prediction
predictions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Martioli, E., Colón, K. D., Angerhausen, D., Stassun, K. G., Rodriguez, J. E., Zhou, G., ... Stevens, D. J. (2018). A survey of eight hot Jupiters in secondary eclipse using WIRCam at CFHT. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 474(3), 4264-4277. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stx3009
Martioli, Eder ; Colón, Knicole D. ; Angerhausen, Daniel ; Stassun, Keivan G. ; Rodriguez, Joseph E. ; Zhou, George ; Scott Gaudi, B. ; Pepper, Joshua ; Beatty, Thomas G. ; Tata, Ramarao ; James, David J. ; Eastman, Jason D. ; Wilson, Paul Anthony ; Bayliss, Daniel ; Stevens, Daniel J. / A survey of eight hot Jupiters in secondary eclipse using WIRCam at CFHT. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2018 ; Vol. 474, No. 3. pp. 4264-4277.
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Martioli, E, Colón, KD, Angerhausen, D, Stassun, KG, Rodriguez, JE, Zhou, G, Scott Gaudi, B, Pepper, J, Beatty, TG, Tata, R, James, DJ, Eastman, JD, Wilson, PA, Bayliss, D & Stevens, DJ 2018, 'A survey of eight hot Jupiters in secondary eclipse using WIRCam at CFHT', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 474, no. 3, pp. 4264-4277. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stx3009

A survey of eight hot Jupiters in secondary eclipse using WIRCam at CFHT. / Martioli, Eder; Colón, Knicole D.; Angerhausen, Daniel; Stassun, Keivan G.; Rodriguez, Joseph E.; Zhou, George; Scott Gaudi, B.; Pepper, Joshua; Beatty, Thomas G.; Tata, Ramarao; James, David J.; Eastman, Jason D.; Wilson, Paul Anthony; Bayliss, Daniel; Stevens, Daniel J.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 474, No. 3, 01.03.2018, p. 4264-4277.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - A survey of eight hot Jupiters in secondary eclipse using WIRCam at CFHT

AU - Martioli, Eder

AU - Colón, Knicole D.

AU - Angerhausen, Daniel

AU - Stassun, Keivan G.

AU - Rodriguez, Joseph E.

AU - Zhou, George

AU - Scott Gaudi, B.

AU - Pepper, Joshua

AU - Beatty, Thomas G.

AU - Tata, Ramarao

AU - James, David J.

AU - Eastman, Jason D.

AU - Wilson, Paul Anthony

AU - Bayliss, Daniel

AU - Stevens, Daniel J.

PY - 2018/3/1

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N2 - We present near-infrared high-precision photometry for eight transiting hot Jupiters observed during their predicted secondary eclipses. Our observations were carried out using the staring mode of theWIRCam instrument on theCanada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT).We present the observing strategies and data reduction methods which delivered time series photometry with statistical photometric precision as lowas 0.11 per cent. We performed aBayesian analysis to model the eclipse parameters and systematics simultaneously. The measured planet-tostar flux ratios allowed us to constrain the thermal emission from the day side of these hot Jupiters, as we derived the planet brightness temperatures. Our results combined with previously observed eclipses reveal an excess in the brightness temperatures relative to the blackbody prediction for the equilibrium temperatures of the planets for a wide range of heat redistribution factors. We find a trend that this excess appears to be larger for planets with lower equilibrium temperatures. This may imply some additional sources of radiation, such as reflected light from the host star and/or thermal emission from residual internal heat from the formation of the planet.

AB - We present near-infrared high-precision photometry for eight transiting hot Jupiters observed during their predicted secondary eclipses. Our observations were carried out using the staring mode of theWIRCam instrument on theCanada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT).We present the observing strategies and data reduction methods which delivered time series photometry with statistical photometric precision as lowas 0.11 per cent. We performed aBayesian analysis to model the eclipse parameters and systematics simultaneously. The measured planet-tostar flux ratios allowed us to constrain the thermal emission from the day side of these hot Jupiters, as we derived the planet brightness temperatures. Our results combined with previously observed eclipses reveal an excess in the brightness temperatures relative to the blackbody prediction for the equilibrium temperatures of the planets for a wide range of heat redistribution factors. We find a trend that this excess appears to be larger for planets with lower equilibrium temperatures. This may imply some additional sources of radiation, such as reflected light from the host star and/or thermal emission from residual internal heat from the formation of the planet.

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Martioli E, Colón KD, Angerhausen D, Stassun KG, Rodriguez JE, Zhou G et al. A survey of eight hot Jupiters in secondary eclipse using WIRCam at CFHT. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2018 Mar 1;474(3):4264-4277. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stx3009