Background and purpose: Radiomics allows extraction of quantifiable features from imaging. This study performs a systematic review and meta-analysis of the performance of radiomics based prognostic models in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Materials and methods: A literature review was performed following PRISMA guidelines. Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane databases were searched for articles investigating radiomics features predictive of overall survival (OS) in NSCLC treated with curative intent radiotherapy. A random-effects meta-analysis of Harrell's Concordance Index (C-index) was performed on the performance of radiomics models. Results: Of the 2746 articles retrieved, 40 studies of 55 datasets and 6223 patients were eligible for inclusion in the systematic review. There was significant heterogeneity in the methodology for feature selection and model development. Twelve datasets reported the C-index of radiomics based models in predicting OS and were included in the meta-analysis. The C-index random effects estimate was 0.57 (95% CI 0.53–0.62). There was significant heterogeneity (I2 = 70.3%). Conclusions: Based on this review, radiomics based models for lung cancer have to date demonstrated modest prognostic capabilities. Future research should consider using standardised radiomics features, robust feature selection and model development, and deep learning techniques, absolving the need for pre-defined features, to improve imaging-based models.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging