A systematic review of intrapersonal coach development programs: Examining the development and evaluation of programs to elicit coach reflection

Eduardo Jorge Da Silva, M. Blair Evans, Jordan S. Lefebvre, Veronica Allan, Jean Côté, António Palmeira

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background: The current approaches used to develop coaches within many sport organisations extend beyond merely the professional knowledge related to sport-specific aspects. Effective coaching notably entails intrapersonal skills related to learning through experience and developing one’s own approach, and these skills are often targeted in coach development. Recognising that researchers have delivered Coach Development Programs (CDPs) that use strategies like reflective practice to foster coaches’ strategies and attitudes toward reflection, reviewing research in this domain could inform the development of our field. We conducted the current review to examine nonformal intrapersonal CDPs within the academic literature with goals of summarising existing CDPs, while also identifying factors related to their implementation. Method: The PRISMA guidelines informed our search strategy, including a database search along with supplemental strategies to identify studies. In addition to describing the CDPs generally, each study was also coded for: (a) potential to be implemented and maintained in sport contexts, (b) behaviour change techniques (BCTs), and (c) risk of bias. Results: After screening the full-texts of studies, we identified 10 unique intrapersonal CDPs. Most CDPs entailed pilot investigations of small samples, involving both qualitative and quantitative methods focused on coaches’ experiences when using reflective strategies. The majority of CDPs were conducted in-person and in one-on-one contexts. The most frequently used BCT was self-monitoring of behaviour, and low-to-moderate information was reported regarding internal and external validity. Conclusions: Whereas reflective practice may enable coach development, researchers must seek opportunities to design higher-quality intervention studies that are designed to enhance both internal and external validity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)818-837
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Science and Coaching
Issue number5-6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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