A technique for the extraction of ultra-wideband (UWB) signals concealed in frequency band folded responses

Russell Vela, Ram Mohan Narayanan, David Erisman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Ultra-wideband (UWB) excitation sources in radar systems have allowed for enhancement in capabilities such as target spectral response, clutter suppression, and range resolution. While generation of generic UWB signals has become easily achievable, direct acquisition, or digitization, of these bandwidths (≥ 4 GHz) is not. To account for this, many UWB radar systems implement a single or multi-stage band folding technique in the receiver hardware chain which allows for the direct digitization of the UWB waveform at a smaller bandwidth (e.g., 4 GHz into 1 GHz). While the lower bandwidth allows for larger than narrowband capabilities, it reduces desired features such as range resolution (e.g., 3.75 cm to 15 cm). In an effort to address this problem, and allow for utilization of full bandwidth of an UWB waveform, this paper presents a signal processing technique which utilizes hardware band folding to wrap a spectrally unique UWB multi-tone waveform into a lower frequency, lower bandwidth signal allowing for both direct digitization and conservation of UWB features. The signal processing technique utilizes the multi-tone waveform to generate an UWB signal composed of sections whose separate spectral peaks fold into the inner △F regions of the previous band. It will be shown, that through reassignment of these peaks, as well as the phase, to the individual frequencies, the intended UWB capabilities can be restored.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRadar Sensor Technology XV
Volume8021
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 13 2011
EventRadar Sensor Technology XV - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: Apr 25 2011Apr 27 2011

Other

OtherRadar Sensor Technology XV
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando, FL
Period4/25/114/27/11

Fingerprint

Ultra-wideband (UWB)
Frequency bands
Waveform
Bandwidth
Digitization
broadband
Folding
bandwidth
Analog to digital conversion
Radar
waveforms
Signal Processing
Hardware
Spectral Response
Radar systems
Clutter
folding
radar
signal processing
Range of data

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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title = "A technique for the extraction of ultra-wideband (UWB) signals concealed in frequency band folded responses",
abstract = "Ultra-wideband (UWB) excitation sources in radar systems have allowed for enhancement in capabilities such as target spectral response, clutter suppression, and range resolution. While generation of generic UWB signals has become easily achievable, direct acquisition, or digitization, of these bandwidths (≥ 4 GHz) is not. To account for this, many UWB radar systems implement a single or multi-stage band folding technique in the receiver hardware chain which allows for the direct digitization of the UWB waveform at a smaller bandwidth (e.g., 4 GHz into 1 GHz). While the lower bandwidth allows for larger than narrowband capabilities, it reduces desired features such as range resolution (e.g., 3.75 cm to 15 cm). In an effort to address this problem, and allow for utilization of full bandwidth of an UWB waveform, this paper presents a signal processing technique which utilizes hardware band folding to wrap a spectrally unique UWB multi-tone waveform into a lower frequency, lower bandwidth signal allowing for both direct digitization and conservation of UWB features. The signal processing technique utilizes the multi-tone waveform to generate an UWB signal composed of sections whose separate spectral peaks fold into the inner △F regions of the previous band. It will be shown, that through reassignment of these peaks, as well as the phase, to the individual frequencies, the intended UWB capabilities can be restored.",
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Vela, R, Narayanan, RM & Erisman, D 2011, A technique for the extraction of ultra-wideband (UWB) signals concealed in frequency band folded responses. in Radar Sensor Technology XV. vol. 8021, 80211A, Radar Sensor Technology XV, Orlando, FL, United States, 4/25/11. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.887840

A technique for the extraction of ultra-wideband (UWB) signals concealed in frequency band folded responses. / Vela, Russell; Narayanan, Ram Mohan; Erisman, David.

Radar Sensor Technology XV. Vol. 8021 2011. 80211A.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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