There is increased interest in using nickel aluminum bronze (NAB) alloys in large-scale directed energy deposition additive manufacturing (DEDAM) processes for maritime applications, but one challenge lies in the component distortion that results from residual stress generated during fabrication. This paper describes the development and evaluation of thermo-mechanical simulations for laser hot wire (LHW) DEDAM of NAB to predict part distortion. To account for the dearth of temperature-dependent properties for NAB C95800 in open literature and public databases, temperature-dependent material and mechanical properties for NAB C95800 were experimentally measured using test specimens fabricated with a variety of DEDAM processes. Autodesk’s Netfabb Local Simulation software, a commercial finite-element based AM solver, was employed but with its heat source model modified to accommodate LHW DEDAM’s oscillating laser path and additional energy input supplied by the preheated wire feedstock. Thermo-mechanical simulations were conducted using both the acquired temperature-dependent material and mechanical properties and the constant room-temperature properties to assess the impact on simulation accuracy. The usage of constant properties in the thermo-mechanical analysis resulted in significantly different predicted distortion compared to those using the temperature-dependent properties, at times even predicting substrate displacement in an opposite direction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Metals and Alloys