A three-dimensional musculoskeletal database for the lower extremities

Thomas M. Kepple, Henry Joseph Sommer, III, Karen Lohmann Siegel, Steven J. Stanhope

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A three-dimensional musculoskeletal database of the lower extremities has been developed for use in human musculoskeletal models. The locations of idealized muscle attachments on the pelvis, both femurs, both tibias and fibulas, and both feet were accurately digitized for 52 dried skeletal specimens. The mean specimen heights were 177.5 cm (male) and 166.2 cm (female) and the mean specimen age at the time of death was 48.8 yr. Statistical accumulation and scaling techniques were used to generate highly representative normative models, which were divided into groups and tested for differences based on gender and race. From the test results, the pelvis was divided into a male model (RMS = 8.6 mm), a black female model (RMS = 7.0 mm) and a white female model (RMS = 7.3 mm). The foot was separated into black (RMS = 3.7 mm) and white models (RMS = 3.6 mm). Single models were used for the femur (RMS = 6.5 mm) and the tibia/fibula (RMS = 3.7). Containing over 12,000 anatomical landmarks digitized from 52 dried skeletons, this study represents an improvement over previous databases by an order of magnitude.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-80
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 14 1997

Fingerprint

Lower Extremity
Fibula
Databases
Pelvis
Tibia
Femur
Foot
Skeleton
Muscles
Muscle

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

Kepple, Thomas M. ; Sommer, III, Henry Joseph ; Siegel, Karen Lohmann ; Stanhope, Steven J. / A three-dimensional musculoskeletal database for the lower extremities. In: Journal of Biomechanics. 1997 ; Vol. 31, No. 1. pp. 77-80.
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A three-dimensional musculoskeletal database for the lower extremities. / Kepple, Thomas M.; Sommer, III, Henry Joseph; Siegel, Karen Lohmann; Stanhope, Steven J.

In: Journal of Biomechanics, Vol. 31, No. 1, 14.11.1997, p. 77-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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