A Triple-Loop Inductive Power Transmission System for Biomedical Applications

Byunghun Lee, Mehdi Kiani, Maysam Ghovanloo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

106 Citations (SciVal)


A triple-loop wireless power transmission (WPT) system equipped with closed-loop global power control, adaptive transmitter (Tx) resonance compensation (TRC), and automatic receiver (Rx) resonance tuning (ART) is presented. This system not only opposes coupling and load variations but also compensates for changes in the environment surrounding the inductive link to enhance power transfer efficiency (PTE) in applications such as implantable medical devices (IMDs). The Tx was built around a commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) radio-frequency identification (RFID) reader, operating at 13.56 MHz. A local Tx loop finds the optimal capacitance in parallel with the Tx coil by adjusting a varactor. A global power control loop maintains the received power at a desired level in the presence of changes in coupling distance, coil misalignments, and loading. Moreover, a local Rx loop is implemented inside a power management integrated circuit (PMIC) to avoid PTE degradation due to the Rx coil surrounding environment and process variations. The PMIC was fabricated in a 0.35-μm 4M2P standard CMOS process with 2.54 mm2 active area. Measurement results show that the proposed triple-loop system improves the overall PTE by up to 10.5% and 4.7% compared to a similar open- and single closed-loop system, respectively, at nominal coil distance of 2 cm. The added TRC and ART loops contribute 2.3% and 1.4% to the overall PTE of 13.5%, respectively. This is the first WPT system to include three loops to dynamically compensate for environment and circuit variations and improve the overall power efficiency all the way from the driver output in Tx to the load in Rx.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7031455
Pages (from-to)138-148
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE transactions on biomedical circuits and systems
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'A Triple-Loop Inductive Power Transmission System for Biomedical Applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this