A tropical atlantic paradox: Shipboard and satellite views of a tropospheric ozone maximum and wave-one in January-February 1999

Anne M. Thompson, Bruce G. Doddridge, Jacquelyn C. Witte, Robert D. Hudson, Winston T. Luke, James E. Johnson, Bryan J. Johnson, Samuel J. Oltmans, Rolf Weller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

107 Scopus citations

Abstract

During the Aerosols99 trans-Atlantic cruise from Norfolk, VA, to Cape Town, South Africa, daily ozonesondes were launched from the R/V Ronald H Brown between 17 January and 6 February 1999. A composite of tropospheric ozone profiles along the latitudinal transect shows 4 zones, nearly identical to the ozone distribution during a January-February 1993 trans-Atlantic cruise [Weller et al., 1996]. Sondes from the cruise and Ascension Island (8S, 14.5W), as well as the Earth-Probe (EP)/TOMS satellite instrument, show elevated tropospheric ozone (> 35 Dobson Units) throughout the south Atlantic in January1 1999. Ozone layers associated with biomass burning north of the ITCZ (Intertropical Convergence Zone) are prominent at 0-5 km from 10-0N, but even higher ozone (100 ppbv, 5-15 km) occurred south of the ITCZ, where it was not burning - an ozone "paradox" that contributes to a wave-one zonal pattern in tropospheric ozone. Back trajectories, satellite observations and shipboard tracers suggest that the south Atlantic ozone results from a combination of interhemispheric transport, aged stratospheric-upper tropospheric air, and possibly from ozone supplied by lightning nitric oxide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3317-3320
Number of pages4
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume27
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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