A water quality monitoring network design methodology for the selection of critical sampling points: Part II

R. O. Strobl, P. D. Robillard, Rick Lane Day, Robert David Shannon, A. J. McDonnell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

In order to resolve the spatial component of the design of a water quality monitoring network, a methodology has been developed to identify the critical sampling locations within a watershed. This methodology, called Critical Sampling Points (CSP), focuses on the contaminant total phosphorus (TP), and is applicable to small, predominantly agricultural-forested watersheds. The CSP methodology was translated into a model, called Water Quality Monitoring Station Analysis (WQMSA). It incorporates a geographic information system (GIS) for spatial analysis and data manipulation purposes, a hydrologic/water quality simulation model for estimating TP loads, and an artificial intelligence technology for improved input data representation. The model input data include a number of hydrologic, topographic, soils, vegetative, and land use factors. The model also includes an economic and logistics component. The validity of the CSP methodology was tested on a small experimental Pennsylvanian watershed, for which TP data from a number of single storm events were available for various sampling points within the watershed. A comparison of the ratios of observed to predicted TP loads between sampling points revealed that the model's results were promising.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-334
Number of pages16
JournalEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
Volume122
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Pollution
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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