A water-soluble fluorescent sensor (L) based on 2-(2-(8-hydroxyquinolin)- yl)benzimidazole has been synthesized and characterized. Sensor L displays highly selective and sensitive recognition of Hg2+ with a fluorescence "ON-OFF" response in buffered aqueous solution (1% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), Tris-HCl 10 mM, pH = 7.4). X-ray crystal structure of the L-Hg2+ complex reveals that the oxygen and nitrogen atoms of 8-hydroxyquinoline and the imine N atom of the benzimidazole unit (N1) bind Hg2+ through a 1 : 1 binding stoichiometry. The fluorescence quenching mechanism is qualitatively evaluated by quantum chemical calculations which show that the fluorescence quenching phenomenon is caused by ligand-to-metal charge transfer (LMCT) in the excited state.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)