A weathering hypothesis for glaciation at high atmospheric pCO2 during the Late Ordovician

L. R. Kump, M. A. Arthur, M. E. Patzkowsky, M. T. Gibbs, D. S. Pinkus, P. M. Sheehan

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Abstract

New paired carbonate and organic-carbon isotope analyses from Nevada, USA, together with a consideration of the effects of mountain-building and ice-sheet coverage of the continents on atmospheric pCO2, lead to a new hypothesis for the cause of the Late Ordovician glaciation. We suggest that the Taconic orogeny, which commenced in the late-middle Ordovician, caused a long-term decline in atmospheric pCO2 through increased weatherability of silicate rocks. Ice-sheet growth was triggered when pCO2 decreased to a threshold of ~10x present atmospheric level and proceeded by positive ice-albedo feedback. In the midst of glaciation, atmospheric pCO2 began to rise as continental silicate weathering rates declined in response to coverage of weathering terrains by ice sheets. At first, this enhanced greenhouse effect was overcompensated for by ice-albedo effects. Ultimately, however, atmospheric pCO2 reached a level which overwhelmed the cooling effects of ice albedo, and the glaciation ended. The isotope results can be interpreted to indicate that atmospheric pCO2 rose during the glaciation, consistent with other proxy information, although alternative interpretations are possible. The large, positive carbonate isotope excursion observed in Late Ordovician rocks around the world is explained as the expected response to increased carbonate-platform weathering during glacioeustatic sea-level lowstand, rather than as a response to increased organic-carbon burial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-187
Number of pages15
JournalPalaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
Volume152
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oceanography
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Palaeontology

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