A Year in Review: JCEDM's Contribution Translating Practice to Science, and Science to Practice

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Reviewing the articles within this journal in 2016 reveals a diverse set of approaches and applications but consistent themes: first, translating practice to science and, second, translating science to practice. The first theme addresses the difficulty in understanding cognitive performance in complex work environments. For this, we need improved models of the myriad activities of workers in complex operations - recognizing that experts will adapt their behavior and need to respond to unexpected situations. Many of this year's articles note the need for multiple perspectives, for integrating multiple theories, and for recognizing that all parts of cognitive behavior are independent and, thus, no one factor can be isolated. The second theme, translating science to practice, then addresses the difficulty in applying this knowledge to improved designs. Such designs may focus on the worker (e.g., training), on processes and procedures, or on technology - regardless, they serve to translate understanding into implementation. A range of design approaches and insights are proposed in this year's articles, in domains ranging from rugby to aviation, health care, accident analysis, and autonomous systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)411-419
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

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science
worker
Aviation
Football
Health care
air traffic
work environment
Accidents
cognition
accident
expert
health care
Technology
Delivery of Health Care
performance

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Computer Science Applications

Cite this

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abstract = "Reviewing the articles within this journal in 2016 reveals a diverse set of approaches and applications but consistent themes: first, translating practice to science and, second, translating science to practice. The first theme addresses the difficulty in understanding cognitive performance in complex work environments. For this, we need improved models of the myriad activities of workers in complex operations - recognizing that experts will adapt their behavior and need to respond to unexpected situations. Many of this year's articles note the need for multiple perspectives, for integrating multiple theories, and for recognizing that all parts of cognitive behavior are independent and, thus, no one factor can be isolated. The second theme, translating science to practice, then addresses the difficulty in applying this knowledge to improved designs. Such designs may focus on the worker (e.g., training), on processes and procedures, or on technology - regardless, they serve to translate understanding into implementation. A range of design approaches and insights are proposed in this year's articles, in domains ranging from rugby to aviation, health care, accident analysis, and autonomous systems.",
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