Abiotic stress in crops: Candidate genes, osmolytes, polyamines, and biotechnological intervention

Autar K. Mattoo, Rakesh K. Upadhyay, Sairam Rudrabhatla

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Agricultural production and quality are adversely affected by various abiotic stresses including water deficit conditions (drought), salinity, extreme temperatures (heat, cold), light intensities beyond those saturating for photosynthesis, and radiation (UVB, C). This is exacerbated when such exposure occurs during seed germination and reproductive phases of development. Estimates of crop losses can amount to billions of US dollars worldwide. To prevent such losses, it is necessary to develop stress-tolerant crops. One approach is to identify resistant germplasm using breeding strategies assisted by molecular markers and transfer those attributes to sensitive varieties, but this approach is a timely process. Introduction of genes that can improve stress tolerance in crops against heat, drought, and salinity is relatively a more effective technology. In this regard, the scientific community is well placed since a number of critical genes, particularly transcription factors that regulate gene expression in response to environmental stresses, have been identified and the proof-of-the-concept validated. Translation of the technology into major crops (rice, wheat, sorghum, and maize) and vegetable/fruit crops is the need of the times.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationElucidation of Abiotic Stress Signaling in Plants
Subtitle of host publicationFunctional Genomics Perspectives, Volume 2
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages415-437
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9781493925407
ISBN (Print)9781493925391
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Abiotic stress in crops: Candidate genes, osmolytes, polyamines, and biotechnological intervention'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this