Abnormal P-wave terminal force in lead V1 is associated with low left atrial appendage ejection velocity

Nathaniel McConkey, Peter Malamas, Faye L. Norby, Jovan Plamenac, R. Park, F. Weigel, Mario Daniel Gonzalez, Gerald V. Naccarelli, Ankit Maheshwari

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Background: Sinus P-wave abnormalities have been associated stroke in people with atrial fibrillation (AF). The majority of AF-related strokes occur from left atrial appendage (LAA) thromboembolism. Dysfunction of the left atrium (LA) and left atrial appendage (LAA) can increase rates of thromboembolic stroke. We studied whether abnormal P wave terminal force in V1 (aPTFV1) is associated with decreased LAA ejection velocity (LAAV) on transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Methods: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study reviewing patients at a tertiary care medical center who underwent TEE in sinus rhythm and had an interpretable sinus ECG within 12 months of TEE. Participants were excluded for complex congenital heart disease, age <18, cardiac transplantation, and chronic atrial pacing. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the odds ratios of LAAV<40 cm/s for aPTFV1. Results: In our final cohort of 169 patients (28% of which had LAAV <40), the multivariate odds ratio of aPTFV1 for LAAV<40 cm/s after adjustment for CHA2DS2VASc variables, heart rate during TEE, history of atrial arrhythmias, and left atrial volume index was 2.24 (95% CI of 1.13–6.00). Conclusion: Abnromal P-wave terminal force in lead V1 is associated with low LAAV after adjustment for potential confounders. Future research is needed for validation of our findings and determination of clinical utility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)142-147
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Electrocardiology
StatePublished - Jul 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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