Children with a bidirectional superior cavopulmonary (Glenn) circulation develop angiodysplasia and pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). The von Willebrand factor (vWF)–angiopoietin axis plays a major role in AVM formation in multiple diseases. We observed derangements in global angiogenic signaling, vWF metabolism, angiopoietins, and in vitro angiogenesis in children with a Glenn circulation versus controls and within Glenn pulmonary versus systemic circulations. These findings support the novel hypothesis that abnormalities in the vWF-angiopoietin axis may dysregulate angiogenesis and contribute to Glenn pulmonary AVMs. The vWF-angiopoietin axis may be a target to correct angiogenic imbalance in Glenn patients, for whom no targeted therapy exists.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine