Two approaches were used to determine the relationship between salt tolerance during seed germination and vegetative growth in tomato. First, F4 progeny families of a cross between a breeding line, 'UCT5' (salt sensitive at all developmental stages), and a primitive cultivar, 'PI174263' (salt tolerant during germination and vegetative growth), were evaluated in separate experiments for salt tolerance during germination and vegetative growth. There were significant differences among the F4 families in both the rate of seed germination and the plant growth (dry matter production) under salt stress. There was, however, no significant correlation between the ability of seeds to germinate rapidly and the ability of plants to grow under salt stress. In the second approach, selection was made for rapid germination under salt stress in an F2 population of the same cross and the selected progeny was evaluated for salt tolerance during both germination and vegetative growth. The results indicated that selection for salt tolerance during germination significantly improved germination performance under salt stress; a realized heritability estimate of 0.73 was obtained. Selection for salt tolerance during germination, however, did not affect plant salt tolerance during vegetative growth; there was no significant difference between the selected and unselected progeny based on either absolute or relative growth under salt stress. Obviously, in these genetic materials, salt tolerance during germination and vegetative growth are controlled by different mechanisms. Thus, to develop tomato cultivars with improved salt tolerance, selection protocols that include all critical developmental stages would be desirable.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1997|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agronomy and Crop Science
- Plant Science