Abusive head trauma? A biomechanics-based approach

Kent Hymel, Paris A. Bandak, Michael D. Partington, Ken R. Winston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Medical professionals frequently evaluate infants and children with head trauma. If the child's cranial injuries are not explained by the history, child abuse must be considered. A significant body of research regarding cranial injury mechanisms is available. This article presents a synthesis of a subset of the biomechanics literature relevant to head injury. The potential application of this knowledge base is explored through five questions: (a) What physical laws govern the response of the head-brain complex to the application of a mechanical force? (b) What are the causal mechanisms of head injury? (c) What properties of living tissues affect responses to the application of a mechanical force? (d) How can specific cranial injuries be linked to their biomechanical origins? and (e) Can the biomechanical history explain the cranial injuries? The authors propose a biomechanics-based paradigm for analysis of pediatric head trauma and seek a qualitative rather than a quantitative understanding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)116-128
Number of pages13
JournalChild Maltreatment
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

Fingerprint

Craniocerebral Trauma
Biomechanical Phenomena
Wounds and Injuries
History
Knowledge Bases
Child Abuse
Head
Pediatrics
Brain
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Hymel, K., Bandak, P. A., Partington, M. D., & Winston, K. R. (1998). Abusive head trauma? A biomechanics-based approach. Child Maltreatment, 3(2), 116-128. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077559598003002006
Hymel, Kent ; Bandak, Paris A. ; Partington, Michael D. ; Winston, Ken R. / Abusive head trauma? A biomechanics-based approach. In: Child Maltreatment. 1998 ; Vol. 3, No. 2. pp. 116-128.
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Hymel, K, Bandak, PA, Partington, MD & Winston, KR 1998, 'Abusive head trauma? A biomechanics-based approach', Child Maltreatment, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 116-128. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077559598003002006

Abusive head trauma? A biomechanics-based approach. / Hymel, Kent; Bandak, Paris A.; Partington, Michael D.; Winston, Ken R.

In: Child Maltreatment, Vol. 3, No. 2, 01.01.1998, p. 116-128.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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