Academic faculty demonstrate higher well-being than residents

Pennsylvania anesthesiology programs' results of the 2017–2018 ACGME well-being survey

Phillip S. Adams, Emily K.B. Gordon, Abiona Berkeley, Brian Monroe, Jill Eckert, Yasdet Maldonado, James W. Heitz, Shelley George, David G. Metro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Study objective: Physician burnout and suicide are at epidemic proportions. There is very little data directly comparing resident versus faculty well-being. The 2017–2018 ACGME resident and faculty surveys mark the first time that well-being questions were included. The purpose of this study was to determine whether responses to ACGME well-being questions would differ significantly between anesthesiology residents and academic anesthesiology faculty. Design: 2017–2018 ACGME well-being survey responses. Setting: All eight Pennsylvania anesthesiology residency programs. Patients: None. Interventions: None. Measurements: The authors compared the 5-point Likert scale responses (1 = Never through 5 = Very Often) between residents (371/384 responses, 97%) and faculty (277/297 responses, 93%) for each of the twelve well-being questions. Responses were also dichotomized as being ≥4 versus <4 for categorical comparisons. Main results: Faculty responded higher than residents both by mean scores and percent of scores ≥ 4 for 6/12 questions (questions 1 (p < 0.001), 2 (p < 0.001), 4 (p < 0.001), 5 (p < 0.001), 8 (p < 0.001), and 11 (p = 0.001)). Residents responded categorically higher for question 9 (p = 0.022) although this was not considered statistically significant. Residents responded lowest for “Reflected on how your work helps make the world a better place” (question 1), whereas the lowest faculty responses were for questions 1, 9, and 10. Both had high responses for “Had an enjoyable interaction with a patient” (question 11). Conclusions: Pennsylvania academic anesthesiology faculty survey responses demonstrated a higher level of well-being compared to their residents. The variation in scoring suggests that anesthesiology residents and faculty have differing perceptions of various well-being domains. Information from well-being surveys can help provide programs with focus areas that they can intervene on to improve physician well-being.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-64
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Anesthesia
Volume56
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019

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Anesthesiology
Physicians
Internship and Residency
Surveys and Questionnaires
Suicide

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

Adams, Phillip S. ; Gordon, Emily K.B. ; Berkeley, Abiona ; Monroe, Brian ; Eckert, Jill ; Maldonado, Yasdet ; Heitz, James W. ; George, Shelley ; Metro, David G. / Academic faculty demonstrate higher well-being than residents : Pennsylvania anesthesiology programs' results of the 2017–2018 ACGME well-being survey. In: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia. 2019 ; Vol. 56. pp. 60-64.
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title = "Academic faculty demonstrate higher well-being than residents: Pennsylvania anesthesiology programs' results of the 2017–2018 ACGME well-being survey",
abstract = "Study objective: Physician burnout and suicide are at epidemic proportions. There is very little data directly comparing resident versus faculty well-being. The 2017–2018 ACGME resident and faculty surveys mark the first time that well-being questions were included. The purpose of this study was to determine whether responses to ACGME well-being questions would differ significantly between anesthesiology residents and academic anesthesiology faculty. Design: 2017–2018 ACGME well-being survey responses. Setting: All eight Pennsylvania anesthesiology residency programs. Patients: None. Interventions: None. Measurements: The authors compared the 5-point Likert scale responses (1 = Never through 5 = Very Often) between residents (371/384 responses, 97{\%}) and faculty (277/297 responses, 93{\%}) for each of the twelve well-being questions. Responses were also dichotomized as being ≥4 versus <4 for categorical comparisons. Main results: Faculty responded higher than residents both by mean scores and percent of scores ≥ 4 for 6/12 questions (questions 1 (p < 0.001), 2 (p < 0.001), 4 (p < 0.001), 5 (p < 0.001), 8 (p < 0.001), and 11 (p = 0.001)). Residents responded categorically higher for question 9 (p = 0.022) although this was not considered statistically significant. Residents responded lowest for “Reflected on how your work helps make the world a better place” (question 1), whereas the lowest faculty responses were for questions 1, 9, and 10. Both had high responses for “Had an enjoyable interaction with a patient” (question 11). Conclusions: Pennsylvania academic anesthesiology faculty survey responses demonstrated a higher level of well-being compared to their residents. The variation in scoring suggests that anesthesiology residents and faculty have differing perceptions of various well-being domains. Information from well-being surveys can help provide programs with focus areas that they can intervene on to improve physician well-being.",
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Academic faculty demonstrate higher well-being than residents : Pennsylvania anesthesiology programs' results of the 2017–2018 ACGME well-being survey. / Adams, Phillip S.; Gordon, Emily K.B.; Berkeley, Abiona; Monroe, Brian; Eckert, Jill; Maldonado, Yasdet; Heitz, James W.; George, Shelley; Metro, David G.

In: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia, Vol. 56, 01.09.2019, p. 60-64.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T2 - Pennsylvania anesthesiology programs' results of the 2017–2018 ACGME well-being survey

AU - Adams, Phillip S.

AU - Gordon, Emily K.B.

AU - Berkeley, Abiona

AU - Monroe, Brian

AU - Eckert, Jill

AU - Maldonado, Yasdet

AU - Heitz, James W.

AU - George, Shelley

AU - Metro, David G.

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N2 - Study objective: Physician burnout and suicide are at epidemic proportions. There is very little data directly comparing resident versus faculty well-being. The 2017–2018 ACGME resident and faculty surveys mark the first time that well-being questions were included. The purpose of this study was to determine whether responses to ACGME well-being questions would differ significantly between anesthesiology residents and academic anesthesiology faculty. Design: 2017–2018 ACGME well-being survey responses. Setting: All eight Pennsylvania anesthesiology residency programs. Patients: None. Interventions: None. Measurements: The authors compared the 5-point Likert scale responses (1 = Never through 5 = Very Often) between residents (371/384 responses, 97%) and faculty (277/297 responses, 93%) for each of the twelve well-being questions. Responses were also dichotomized as being ≥4 versus <4 for categorical comparisons. Main results: Faculty responded higher than residents both by mean scores and percent of scores ≥ 4 for 6/12 questions (questions 1 (p < 0.001), 2 (p < 0.001), 4 (p < 0.001), 5 (p < 0.001), 8 (p < 0.001), and 11 (p = 0.001)). Residents responded categorically higher for question 9 (p = 0.022) although this was not considered statistically significant. Residents responded lowest for “Reflected on how your work helps make the world a better place” (question 1), whereas the lowest faculty responses were for questions 1, 9, and 10. Both had high responses for “Had an enjoyable interaction with a patient” (question 11). Conclusions: Pennsylvania academic anesthesiology faculty survey responses demonstrated a higher level of well-being compared to their residents. The variation in scoring suggests that anesthesiology residents and faculty have differing perceptions of various well-being domains. Information from well-being surveys can help provide programs with focus areas that they can intervene on to improve physician well-being.

AB - Study objective: Physician burnout and suicide are at epidemic proportions. There is very little data directly comparing resident versus faculty well-being. The 2017–2018 ACGME resident and faculty surveys mark the first time that well-being questions were included. The purpose of this study was to determine whether responses to ACGME well-being questions would differ significantly between anesthesiology residents and academic anesthesiology faculty. Design: 2017–2018 ACGME well-being survey responses. Setting: All eight Pennsylvania anesthesiology residency programs. Patients: None. Interventions: None. Measurements: The authors compared the 5-point Likert scale responses (1 = Never through 5 = Very Often) between residents (371/384 responses, 97%) and faculty (277/297 responses, 93%) for each of the twelve well-being questions. Responses were also dichotomized as being ≥4 versus <4 for categorical comparisons. Main results: Faculty responded higher than residents both by mean scores and percent of scores ≥ 4 for 6/12 questions (questions 1 (p < 0.001), 2 (p < 0.001), 4 (p < 0.001), 5 (p < 0.001), 8 (p < 0.001), and 11 (p = 0.001)). Residents responded categorically higher for question 9 (p = 0.022) although this was not considered statistically significant. Residents responded lowest for “Reflected on how your work helps make the world a better place” (question 1), whereas the lowest faculty responses were for questions 1, 9, and 10. Both had high responses for “Had an enjoyable interaction with a patient” (question 11). Conclusions: Pennsylvania academic anesthesiology faculty survey responses demonstrated a higher level of well-being compared to their residents. The variation in scoring suggests that anesthesiology residents and faculty have differing perceptions of various well-being domains. Information from well-being surveys can help provide programs with focus areas that they can intervene on to improve physician well-being.

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