Lean healthy males received either parenteral or enteral infusions of pure fat or carbohydrate (2092 kJ), or isotonic saline, to determine their influences on food intake and energy regulation in self-selected lunch and dinner meals. In the first study, six males received intravenous infusions for 3.5 h in the morning, followed by lunch 30 min after the infusion ended and dinner 6 h later. No compensation was seen for energy differences in intravenous infusions. In the second study, six males received intragastric infusions for 15 min or 3.5 h. Rapid intragastric infusions of fat or carbohydrate and slow infusions of fat significantly reduced intake at lunch, whereas slow carbohydrate infusions did not. In both studies, subjects reduced intake at lunch 30 min after 2092-kJ yogurt preloads varying in fat and carbohydrate, demonstrating their ability to respond to orally derived energy. These results support the existence of mechanisms in the gastrointestinal tract for the rapid detection of the energy content of ingested nutrients or foods in lean males.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Nutrition and Dietetics