Acetate and phosphate anion adsorption linear sweep voltammograms simulated using density functional theory

Iman Shahidi Pour Savizi, Michael J. Janik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Specific adsorption of anions to electrode surfaces may alter the rates of electrocatalytic reactions. Density functional theory (DFT) methods are used to predict the adsorption free energy of acetate and phosphate anions as a function of Pt(1 1 1) electrode potential. Four models of the electrode potential are used including a simple vacuum slab model, an applied electric field model with and without the inclusion of a solvating water bi-layer, and the double reference model. The linear sweep voltammogram (LSV) due to anion adsorption is simulated using the DFT results. The inclusion of solvation at the electrochemical interface is necessary for accurately predicting the adsorption peak position. The Langmuir model is sufficient for predicting the adsorption peak shape, indicating coverage effects are minor in altering the LSV for acetate and phosphate adsorption. Anion adsorption peak positions are determined for solution phase anion concentrations present in microbial fuel cells and microbial electrolysis cells and discussion is provided as to the impact of anion adsorption on oxygen reduction and hydrogen evolution reaction rates in these devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3996-4006
Number of pages11
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume56
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

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