Histone deacetylases (HDACs) play important roles in regulating cell proliferation and differentiation. The HDAC1-containing NuRD complex is generally considered as a corepressor complex and is required for GATA-1-mediated repression. However, recent studies also show that the NuRD complex is involved in GATA-1-mediated gene activation. We tested whether the GATA-1-associated NuRD complex loses its deacetylase activity and commits the GATA-1 complex to become an activator during erythropoiesis. We found that GATA-1-associated deacetylase activity gradually decreased upon induction of erythroid differentiation. GATA-1-associated HDAC1 is increasingly acetylated after differentiation. It has been demonstrated earlier that acetylated HDAC1 has no deacetylase activity. Indeed, overexpression of an HDAC1 mutant, which mimics acetylated HDAC1, promotes GATA-1-mediated transcription and erythroid differentiation. Furthermore, during erythroid differentiation, acetylated HDAC1 recruitment is increased at GATA-1-activated genes, whereas it is significantly decreased at GATA-1-repressed genes. Interestingly, deacetylase activity is not required for Mi2 remodeling activity, suggesting that remodeling activity may be required for both activation and repression. Thus, our data suggest that NuRD can function as a coactivator or repressor and that acetylated HDAC1 converts the NuRD complex from a repressor to an activator during GATA-1-directed erythroid differentiation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology