Acoustic features of normal-hearing pre-term infant cry

Anthony T. Cacace, Michael P. Robb, John H. Saxman, Herman Risemberg, Peter Koltai

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Abstract

Acoustic features of expiratory cry vocalizations were studied in 125 pre-term infants prior to being discharged from a level-3 neonatal intensive care unit. The purpose was to describe various phonatory behaviors in infants in whom significant hearing loss could be ruled out. We also compared these results with normal-hearing full-term infants, and evaluated whether linkage exists among acoustic cry features and various anthropometric, diagnostic and treatment variables obtained throughout the peri- and neonatal periods. Our analysis revealed that cry duration was significantly related to total days receiving respiratory assistance. The occurrence of other complex spectral and temporal aspects of acoustic cry vocalizations including harmonic doubling and vibrato also increased in infants receiving some form of respiratory assistance. The presence of harmonic doubling also depended on weight and conceptional age at test. The discussion focuses on the implication of these relationships and directions for future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)213-224
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1995

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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