Acoustoelectric current in graphene nanoribbon due to Landau damping

K. A. Dompreh, K. W. Adu, D. Sakyi-Arthur, N. G. Mensah, S. Y. Mensah, A. Twum, M. Amekpewu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We perform self-consistent analysis of the Boltzmann transport equation for momentum and energy in the hypersound regime i.e., ql≫ 1 (q is the acoustic wavenumber and l is the mean free path). We investigate the Landau damping of acoustic phonons (LDOAP) in graphene nanoribbons, which leads to acoustoelectric current generation. Under a non-quantized field with drift velocity, we observed an acoustic phonon energy quantization that depends on the energy gap, the width, and the sub-index of the material. An effect similar to Cerenkov emission was observed, where the electron absorbed the confined acoustic phonon energy, causing the generation of acoustoelectric current in the graphene nanoribbon. A qualitative analysis of the dependence of the absorption coefficient and the acoustoelectric current on the phonon frequency is in agreement with experimental reports. We observed a shift in the peaks when the energy gap and the drift velocity were varied. Most importantly, a transparency window appears when the absorption coefficient is zero, making graphene nanoribbons a potential candidate for use as an acoustic wave filter with applications in tunable gate-controlled quantum information devices and phonon spectrometers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number17913
JournalScientific reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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