Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome among patients attending hemophilia treatment centers and mortality experience of hemophiliacs in the United States

Robert E. Johnson, Dale N. Lawrence, Bruce L. Evatt, Dennis J. Bregman, Lawrence D. Zyla, James W. Curran, Louis M. Aledort, M. Elaine Eyster, Alan P. Brownstein, Charles J. Carman

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    42 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) was first recognized among hemophiliacs in 1982. The authors have conducted investigations to determine the onset and incidence of AIDS among hemophiliacs and to determine trends in hemophilia mortality since the introduction of clotting-factor concentrates in the late 1960s. A survey of United States hemophilia treatment centers, supported by the Centers for Disease Control and the National Hemophilia Foundation, defined a population of hemophiliacs which was monitored for AIDS cases through June 1984. Death reports from the United States Vital Statistics System and from the hemophilia treatment center survey provided mortality trends for 1968-1919 and for 1978-1982, respectively. The results of these investigations demonstrate the following points. 1) The AIDS epidemic is a new and important cause of illness and mortality among hemophiliacs, although a very low incidence of AIDS among hemophiliacs prior to 1982 cannot be ruled out 2) The AIDS cases who attended the surveyed hemophilia treatment centers were distributed throughout the United States and were older than hemophilia treatment center patients without AIDS. AIDS cases also used more lyophilized clotting-factor concentrate, but only a small number of cases were reported with this information. 3) Improved care for hemophilia, including the use of clotting-factor concentrates, dramatically reduced hemophilia mortality rates during the 1970s. 4) In 1982, hemorrhage was the major cause of death among hemophiliacs. Deaths from non-alcoholic liver disease were also increased. AIDS incidence among hemophilia treatment center attendees was stable at 0.6 cases per 1,000 hemophilia treatment center attendees per year during 1982 and 1983 but increased sharply to 5.4 cases per 1,000 during the first quarter of 1984.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)797-810
    Number of pages14
    JournalAmerican journal of epidemiology
    Volume121
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jun 1985

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Epidemiology

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