The actions of substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and their interaction were examined in vitro in the feline antrum and colon. Circular muscle contraction was seen in the antrum to both peptides, but only to SP in the proximal colon. Antral contraction was enhanced when both peptides were given together. This interaction was inhibited by tetrodotoxin or atropine. SP acted at the antrum via a smooth muscle neurokinin receptor which is not a (NK)-1 receptor. SP binding was displaced by neurokinin A but not by the NK-1 receptor antagonist, CP-96345. The colonic response was inhibited by CP-96345. Immunohistochemistry revealed SP-like immunoreactivity (SP-LI) in fibers in the antral myenteric plexus and circular muscle, while CGRP-like immunoreactivity (CGRP-LI) was seen in the myenteric plexus only, without co-localization. These studies supported the hypothesis that SP acted via the NK-2 receptor at the feline circular muscle in the antrum to induce contraction and at the NK-1 receptor in the proximal colon. CGRP enhanced the effect of SP via a cholinergic pathway. Copyright (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience