Activation of acetate by Methanosarcina thermophila. Purification and characterization of phosphotransacetylase.

L. L. Lundie, J. G. Ferry

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Abstract

Phosphotransacetylase (EC 2.3.1.8) was purified 83-fold to a specific activity of 2.5 mmol of acetyl-CoA synthesized per min/mg of protein from Methanosarcina thermophila cultivated on acetate. This rate was 10-fold greater than the rate of acetyl phosphate synthesis. The native enzyme (Mr 42,000-52,000) was a monomer and was not integral to the membrane. Activity was optimum at pH 7.0, and 35-45 degrees C. The enzyme was stable to air and to temperatures up to 70 degrees C, but was inactivated at higher temperatures. Phosphate and sulfate partially protected against heat inactivation. Potassium or ammonium ion concentrations above 10 mM were required for maximum activity of the purified enzyme; the intracellular potassium concentration of M. thermophila approximated 175 mM. Sodium, phosphate, sulfate, and arsenate ions were inhibitory to enzyme activity. Western blots of cell extracts showed that phosphotransacetylase was synthesized in higher quantity in acetate-grown cells than in methanol-grown cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18392-18396
Number of pages5
JournalThe Journal of biological chemistry
Volume264
Issue number31
StatePublished - Nov 5 1989

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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